Minimally Invasive Spine Surgery
During minimally invasive spine surgery, surgeons use specialized instruments to access the spine through small incisions. This approach was developed to treat spine problems with less injury to the muscles and other normal structures in the spine. Compared to traditional open surgery, there is no need to pull back the muscles in order to access the spine.
Benefits of minimally invasive spine surgery include smaller incisions, less bleeding and a shorter stay in the hospital. However, not all back and neck problems can be treated effectively with minimally invasive methods.
Common Minimally Invasive Spine Surgeries
- MIS lumbar discectomy–removal of a herniated disk in the lower back to relieve severe leg pain, numbness or weakness.
- MIS lumbar fusion–removal of the lamina and disk through incisions offset from the spine, then placing a bone graft into the disk space supported by screws and rods to relieve a herniated disk.
The length of stay in the hospital will vary with each patient and individual procedure. It is believed that patients suffer less post-operative pain with minimally invasive spine surgery because this procedure does not disrupt the muscles and soft tissues.
Physical therapy may be recommended to help regain strength and speed recovery, depending on the procedure and the patient’s general physical condition.
Each patient is evaluated after surgery to be sure his or her recovery is progressing as expected