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Excessive exposure to environmental conditions (sunlight, dust, dirt, heat, dryness, wind, smoke) due to
- Outdoor hobbies
- Work in occupations with excessive exposure to solvents or chemicals
- Family members with pterygium
- Sensation of something in the eye
- Blurred vision
- Visual acuity—to measure your ability to see an eye chart
- Slit lamp examination—a bright light with magnification used to view the eye
- Corneal topography—a computerized test that maps changes to the curvature of the cornea
- Photo documentation—photography to record the degree of growth of a pterygium
- Prevent progression, inflammation, and infection
- Aid in the healing process, if surgery is performed
- Prescription topical antibiotics to prevent infection
- Topical corticosteroids to reduce inflammation
- Ocular lubricants, such as artificial tears
- Wear dark glasses with UV protection to shield the eyes from sun, dust, and wind
- Avoid harsh environmental factors to slow the growth or regrowth of pterygium
American Optometric Association http://www.aoa.org
Eye Smart—American Academpy of Ophthalmology http://www.eyesmart.org
Canadian Ophthalmological Society http://www.cos-sco.ca
Health Canada http://www.hc-sc.gc.ca
Coday M. Pterygium. Digital Journal of Ophthalmology website. Available at: http://www.djo.harvard.edu/site.php?url=/patients/pi/426. Accessed July 21, 2009.
Corneal disease—Pterygium and Stevens-Johnson syndrome. Washington University Physicians website. Available at: http://wuphysicians.wustl.edu/page.aspx?pageID=516. Accessed November 11, 2010.
Jurgenliemk-Schulz IM, Hartman LJ, Roesink JM, et al. Prevention of pterygium recurrence by postoperative single-dose beta-irradiation: a prostpective randomized clinical double-blind trial. Int J Radiat Oncol Biol Phys.2004; 59:1138-1147.
Kellogg Eye Institute. Pterygium. Kellogg Eye Institute, University of Michigan website. Available at: http://kellogg.umich.edu/patientcare/conditions/pterygium.html. Accessed August 12, 2005.
Sowka JW, Gurwood AS, Kabat AG. Handbook of Ocular Dsease Management. New York, NY: Jobson Publishing Co; 2001.
- Reviewer: Michael Woods, MD
- Review Date: 10/2014
- Update Date: 06/30/2013