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|Pleura of the Lungs|
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- Viral infection such as influenza and cold viruses
- Lung infections from bacteria like tuberculosis or parasites like amebiasis
- Pulmonary embolism
- Collapsed lung (Pneumothorax)
- An underlying lung condition , such as cystic fibrosis or emphysema
- Systemic lupus
- After a heart attack such as Dressler’s syndrome
- Chest injury
- Heart failure
- Inflammatory bowel disease
- Rheumatoid arthritis
- Chronic liver and kidney disease
- Sickle cell disease
- Drug reaction
- Sharp, stabbing pain towards the side and lower part of the chest
- Pain along the shoulders, neck, and abdomen
- Pain during any movement of the chest, such as breathing and coughing
- Dry coughing
- Rapid pulse
- Rapid and shallow breathing
- Blood test
- Fluid analysis after thoracentesis
- Biopsy of the pleura with video-associated thoracic surgery (VATS)
Treating the Source of Pleurisy
- Seek early medical attention for conditions that can cause pleurisy.
- Ask your doctor if you should get a pneumonia vaccine and the flu shot, especially if you are elderly, have a chronic illness, or weakened immunity.
American Lung Association http://www.lungusa.org
National Heart, Lung, and Blood Institute http://www.nhlbi.nih.gov
The Canadian Lung Association http://www.lung.ca
Health Canada http://www.hc-sc.gc.ca
Kass SM, and Reamy BV: Pleurisy. Am Fam Physician . 2007;75:1357-64.
Pleurisy. Cedars-Sinai website. Available at: http://www.cedars-sinai.edu/Patients/Health-Conditions/Pleurisy.aspx. Accessed May 29, 2013.
Pleurisy. The Merck Manual of Medical Information website. Available at: http://www.merck.com/mmhe/sec04/ch052/ch052b.html. Updated February 2008. Accessed May 29, 2013.
- Reviewer: Michael Woods, MD
- Review Date: 02/2014
- Update Date: 02/18/2014