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Office Health Hazards
National Institute for Occupational Safety and Health (NIOSH)
National Institute of Neurological Disorders and Stroke
Canadian Centre for Occupational Health and Safety
Andersen JH, Thomsen JF, Overgaard E, et al. Computer use and carpal tunnel syndrome: a 1-year follow-up study. JAMA. 2003;289(22):2963-2969.
Blehm C, Vishnu S, Khattak A. Computer vision syndrome: a review. Surv Ophthalmol. 2005;50(3):253-262.
Computer-related injuries. Better Health Channel. Available at: http://www.betterhealth.vic.gov.au/bhcv2/bhcarticles.nsf/pages/Computer-related%5Finjuries. Updated May 2013. Accessed October 30, 2013.
Izquierdo JC, Garcia M, Buxo C. Factors leading to the computer vision syndrome: an issue at the contemporary workplace. Bol Asoc Med P R. 2004;96(2):103-10.
Kontosic I, Vukelic M, Drescik I, et al. Work conditions as risk factors for varicose veins of the lower extremities in certain professions of the working population of Rijeka. Acta Med Okayama. 2000 Feb;54(1):33-8.
Lassen CF, Mikkelsen S, Kryger AI, Andersen JH. Risk factors for persistent elbow, forearm, and hand pain among computer workers. Scand J Work Environ Health. 2005;31(2):122-31.
NINDS Carpal Tunnel Syndrome Information Page. National Institute of Neurological Disorders and Stroke website. Available at: http://www.ninds.nih.gov/disorders/carpal%5Ftunnel/carpal%5Ftunnel.htm. Updated June 18, 2013. Accessed October 30, 2013.
NINDS Repetitive Motion Disorders Information Page. National Institute of Neurological Disorders and Stroke website. Available at: http://www.ninds.nih.gov/disorders/repetitive%5Fmotion/repetitive%5Fmotion.htm. Updated July 11, 2013. Accessed October 30, 2013.
Palmer KT, Cooper C, Walker-Bone K, Syddall H, Coggon D. Use of keyboards and symptoms in the neck and arm: evidence from a national survey. Occup Med (Lond). 2001 Sep;51(6):392-5.
Prevention of office hazards. New York State Public Employees Federation website. Available at: http://www.nyspef.org/healthandsafety/files/office%5Fhazards%5Ffactsheet.pdf. Updated 2012. Accessed October 30, 2013.
Scott, C. Repetitive strain injury. University of Michigan website. Available at: http://web.eecs.umich.edu/~cscott/rsi.html. Updated September 5, 2013. Accessed October 30, 2013.
Varicose veins. EBSCO DynaMed website. Available at: https://dynamed.ebscohost.com/about/about-us. Updated October 18, 2013. Accessed October 30, 2013.
- Reviewer: Michael Woods, MD
- Review Date: 10/2013
- Update Date: 10/30/2013