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Hypoglycemia in Infants
(Neonatal Hypoglycemia; Pediatric Hypoglycemia)
- Low fat and glucose stores—common in small for age or premature babies
- Conditions that increase the use of glucose such as fevers, seizure, or stress
- High levels of insulin
- Premature birth
- Low birth weight
- Situations that use high amounts of glucose such as perinatal stress, cold stress, infection, fever, respiratory distress, and seizures
- Birth defects
- Diabetes in the mother during pregnancy
- Higher than normal birth weight
- Medications used to treat high levels of glucose
- Syndromes that cause excess insulin such as Beckwith-Wiedemann syndrome, Sotos syndrome, Kabuki syndrome
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- Genetic mutations
- Hormone deficiencies
- High blood pressure
- Having delivered a prior child with increased birth weight
- Medications such as beta blockers
- Illegal drug use
- A high-pitched cry
- Bluish skin
- Refusal to feed
- Easily startled
- Breathing problems
Frequent Feedings and Glucose
- Breastfeed or formula feed early and often.
- If you have diabetes during pregnancy, keep it in good control.
American Academy of Pediatrics http://www.healthychildren.org
Canadian Paediatric Society http://www.cps.ca
Health Canada http://www.hc-sc.gc.ca
Causes of high blood glucose and low blood glucose. Healthy Children—American Academy of Pediatrics website. Available at: http://www.healthychildren.org/English/health-issues/conditions/chronic/Pages/Causes-of-High-Blood-Glucose-and-Low-Blood-Glucose.aspx. Updated May 17, 2013. Accessed September 30, 2014.
Hypoglycemia and low blood sugar. Boston Children’s Hospital website. Available at: http://www.childrenshospital.org/az/Site1128/mainpageS1128P1.html. Accessed September 30, 2014.
Hypoglycemia. Kids Health—Nemours Foundation website. Available at: http://kidshealth.org/parent/diabetes%5Fcenter/diabetes%5Fbasics/hypoglycemia.html#a%5FTreating%5FLow%5FBlood%5FSugar%5FLevels. Updated September 2013. Accessed September 30, 2014.
Hypoglycemia in the newborn. Lucile Packard Children’s Hospital website. Available at: http://www.lpch.org/DiseaseHealthInfo/HealthLibrary/diabetes/hyponew.html. Accessed September 30, 2014.
Neonatal hypoglycemia. EBSCO DynaMed website. Available at: http://www.ebscohost.com/dynamed. Updated April 7, 2014. Accessed September 30, 2014.
- Reviewer: Kari Kassir, MD
- Review Date: 08/2014
- Update Date: 09/30/2014