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Hypoglycemia in Infants
(Neonatal Hypoglycemia; Pediatric Hypoglycemia)
- Low fat and glucose stores—common in small for age or premature babies
- Conditions that increase use of glucose such as fevers, seizure, or stress
- High levels of insulin
- Premature birth
- Low birth weight
- Situations that use high amounts of glucose such as perinatal stress, cold stress, infection, fever, respiratory distress, seizures
- Birth defects
- Diabetes in the mother during pregnancy
- Higher than normal birth weight
- Medications used to treat high levels of glucose
- Syndromes that cause excess insulin (such as Beckwith-Wiedemann syndrome, Sotos syndrome, Kabuki syndrome)
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- Genetic mutations
- Hormone deficiencies
- High blood pressure
- Having delivered a prior child with increased birth weight
- Medications such as beta blockers
- Illegal drug use
- A high-pitched cry
- Bluish skin
- Refusal to feed
- Easily startled
- Breathing problems
Frequent Feedings and Glucose
American Academy of Pediatrics http://www.healthychildren.org
Canadian Paediatric Society http://www.cps.ca
Health Canada http://www.hc-sc.gc.ca
Causes of high blood glucose and low blood glucose. HealthyChildren.org website. Available at: http://www.healthychildren.org/English/health-issues/conditions/chronic/Pages/Causes-of-High-Blood-Glucose-and-Low-Blood-Glucose.aspx . Updated January 17, 2012. Accessed December 10, 2012.
Hypoglycemia. Boston Children’s Hospital website. Available at: http://www.childrenshospital.org/az/Site1128/mainpageS1128P1.html . Accessed December 10, 2012.
Hypoglycemia. KidsHealth.org website. Available at: http://kidshealth.org/parent/diabetes%5Fcenter/diabetes%5Fbasics/hypoglycemia.html#a%5FTreating%5FLow%5FBlood%5FSugar%5FLevels . Updated October 2010. Accessed December 10, 2012.
Hypoglycemia in the newborn. Lucile Packard Children’s Hospital website. Available at: http://www.lpch.org/DiseaseHealthInfo/HealthLibrary/diabetes/hyponew.html . Accessed December 10, 2012.
Neonatal hypoglycemia. EBSCO DynaMed website. Available at: https://dynamed.ebscohost.com/ . Updated August 1, 2012. Accessed December 10, 2012.
- Reviewer: Kari Kassir, MD
- Review Date: 09/2013
- Update Date: 09/30/2013