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Can Depression Be Treated Without Medication?
- Cognitive behavioral therapy (CBT)—With CBT, you address negative thinking patterns and behaviors and learn new, healthier approaches to deal with life’s challenges.
- Interpersonal therapy—During these therapy sessions, you focus on your relationships with others and the roles that you play.
- Psychodynamic therapy—With this long-term therapy, the therapist helps you examine your childhood and confront challenging issues.
Herbs and Supplements
- S-adenosylmethionine (SAMe)—Small, lower-quality studies suggest that SAMe may be helpful in treating depression.
- Ginkgo—Some evidence hints that ginkgo may reduce depressive symptoms.
- Phenylalanine—Based on some lower-quality studies, this amino acid may be a possible treatment for depression.
- Fish oil—So far, there is no convincing evidence to show that fish oil is more effective than placebo in treating depression.
- 150 minutes of moderate-intensity aerobic exercise (eg, brisk walking) each week along with two (or more) days of strength training
- 75 minutes of vigorous aerobic activity (eg, jogging, running) each week along with two (or more) days of strength training
- A combination of moderate and vigorous activity along with a strength training routine
Taking the Next Step
Depression and Bipolar Support Alliance http://www.dbsalliance.org/
The National Mental Health Association http://www.nmha.org/
Canadian Mental Health Association http://www.ontario.cmha.ca/
Canadian Psychiatric Association http://www.cpa-apc.org/
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- Reviewer: Ryan Estevez, MD, PhD, MPH
- Review Date: 09/2011
- Update Date: 10/07/2011