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|Common Sites on the Face for Melasma|
|Copyright © Nucleus Medical Media, Inc.|
- Family history of melasma
- Being a woman of reproductive age
- Having a darker skin tone
- Getting too much sun exposure
- Taking birth control pills
- Using products that irritate the skin, such as cosmetics
- Certain medications, such as antiseizure drugs or hormone therapy
- Melasma associated with pregnancy may slowly fade after giving birth
- Melasma associated with birth control pills or hormone replacement therapy may fade after the medication is stopped
Ultraviolet Light Protection
- Chemical peel
- Microdermabrasion—removing top layer of skin
- Laser therapy
- Limit the amount of time you spend in the sun. Avoid using tanning booths.
- Use sunscreen daily. Wear sunscreen that protects against both UVA and UVB rays and has an SPF of 30 or more.
American Academy of Dermatology http://www.aad.org
FamilyDoctor.org - American Academy of Family Physicians http://familydoctor.org
Canadian Dermatology Association http://www.dermatology.ca
Public Health Agency of Canada http://www.phac-aspc.gc.ca
Gupta AK, Gover MD, Nouri K, Taylor S. The treatment of melasma: a review of clinical trials. J Am Acad Dermatol. 2006;55(6):1048-1065.
Melasma. American Academy of Dermatology website. Available at: http://www.aad.org/dermatology-a-to-z/diseases-and-treatments/m---p/melasma. Accessed May 22, 2014.
Melasma. American Osteopathic College of Dermatology website. Available at: http://www.aocd.org/?page=Melasma. Accessed May 22, 2014.
Melasma. American Academy of Family Physicians Family Doctor website. Available at: http://familydoctor.org/familydoctor/en/diseases-conditions/melasma.html. Updated February 2011. Accessed May 22, 2014.
Prignano F, Ortonne JP, Buggiani G, Lotti T. Therapeutical approaches in melasma. Dermatol Clin. 2007;25(3):337-342.
Tierney EP, Hanke CW. Review of the literature: Treatment of dyspigmentation with fractionated resurfacing. Dermatol Surg. 2010 Oct;36(10):1499-508.
Treatments of discomforts during pregnancy. EBSCO DynaMed website. Available at: http://www.ebscohost.com/dynamed. Updated December 2, 2013. Accessed May 22, 2014.
- Reviewer: Michael Woods, MD
- Review Date: 05/2014
- Update Date: 00/52/2014