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(Stenosis, Aortic—Child; AS—Child)
|Heart Chambers and Valves|
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- One cusp that can not open as fully as three cusps
- Two cusps that are damaged
- Cusps that are partly closed or do not open correctly due to thickness
- Family members with congenital heart disease that affects valves
- Rheumatic fever (usually occurring after a Streptococcus infection)
- Bacterial endocarditis —infection of the heart
- Extreme fatigue after exercise or exertion
- Fainting with exercise or exertion
- Pain, squeezing, pressure, or tightness of the chest, usually occurring with exertion
- Sensation of rapid or irregular heartbeat (palpitations)
- Shortness of breath
- Dizziness with exertion
- Abnormal heart rhythms ( arrhythmia )
- Sudden death with no previous symptoms
- Abnormal chest sounds, such as a heart murmur or click
- Noticeable chest heave or vibration when the doctor's hand is held over your child’s heart
- Chest x-ray —to take pictures of structures inside the chest
- Electrocardiogram (ECG, EKG)—to measure the heart's electrical activity; may show signs of heart strain or enlargement
- Echocardiogram —to examine the size, shape, and motion of the heart
- Exercise stress test —the recording of the heart during exercise
- Cardiac catheterization (rarely done)—an x-ray of the heart's circulation
- Balloon valvuloplasty —A balloon device is passed through the arteries to open or enlarge the aortic valve. This may provide relief of symptoms. Since the valve can become blocked again, this surgery may need to be repeated.
- Aortic valve replacement —This is the surgical replacement of a defective heart valve.
American Heart Association http://www.americanheart.org/
National Heart, Lung, and Blood Institute http://www.nhlbi.nih.gov/
Canadian Cardiovascular Society http://www.ccs.ca/
Canadian Society for Vascular Surgery http://www.canadianvascular.ca/
Aortic stenosis. Children’s Hospital Boston website. Available at: http://www.childrenshospital.org/az/Site481/mainpageS481P0.html . Accessed June 24, 2013.
Aortic stenois. Cincinnati Children’s website. Available at: http://www.cincinnatichildrens.org/health/heart-encyclopedia/anomalies/avs.htm . Accessed June 24, 2013.
Aortic stenosis. EBSCO DynaMed website. Available at: http://www.ebscohost.com/dynamed/what.php . Updated May 20, 2013. Accessed June 24, 2013.
- Reviewer: Michael Woods, MD
- Review Date: 06/2013
- Update Date: 06/03/2013