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(Blood in the Urine—Child)
- Microscopic hematuria—Urine contains a very small amount of blood. It cannot be seen with the naked eye.
- Gross hematuria—Urine appears red or tea-colored.
|The Urinary Tract|
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- Vigorous exercise
- Injury to the abdomen, pelvis, or internal organs of the urinary tract
- Conditions that affect the urinary tract (eg, infection, vesicoureteral reflux , blockage or abnormalities, tumors)
- Cancer (eg, kidney or bladder cancer)
- Kidney disease
- Kidney stones
- Bleeding disorders (eg, hemophilia )
- Certain congenital diseases (eg, polycystic kidneys )
- Certain medicines
- Urine tests—tests to confirm the presence of blood and look for protein, bacteria, or cancer cells in the urine
- Blood tests—tests to check how well the kidneys are functioning and to look for conditions that cause hematuria
- Cystoscopy —to look at the lining of the bladder
- Kidney biopsy (done in rare cases)—to remove a small sample of kidney tissue for testing
American Academy of Family Physicians http://www.aafp.org/
National Kidney Foundation http://www.kidney.org/
BC Health Guide http://www.healthlinkbc.ca/
The Kidney Foundation of Canada http://www.kidney.ca/
Children’s Hospital Boston. Hematuria. Children’s Hospital Boston website. Available at: http://www.childrenshospital.org/az/Site1000/mainpageS1000P0.html . Accessed July 1, 2010.
Hematuria in children. EBSCO DynaMed website. Available at: http://www.ebscohost.com/dynamed/what.php . Updated June 17, 2010. Accessed March 8, 2012.
National Kidney and Urologic Diseases Information Clearinghouse. Hematuria (blood in the urine). National Kidney and Urologic Diseases Information Clearinghouse website. Available at: http://kidney.niddk.nih.gov/kudiseases/pubs/hematuria/ . Updated February 2007. Accessed July 1, 2010.
Shannon D. Hematuria. EBSCO Health Library website. Available at: http://www.ebscohost.com/healthLibrary/ . Updated September 30, 2009. Accessed July 1, 2010.
Urination problems. Family Doctor.org. Available at: http://familydoctor.org/familydoctor/en/health-tools/search-by-symptom/urination-problems.html . Accessed March 8, 2012.
- Reviewer: Michael Woods, MD
- Review Date: 06/2013
- Update Date: 06/20/2013