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(Gastrointestinal Fistula; Entero-enternal Fistula)
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- History of radiation
- Poor nutrition
Nutritional support may be needed while the fistula is healing:
- You may need to drink and eat high energy food for a while.
- Nutrition may need to be delivered through a tube connected to your stomach or intestine.
- If your bowels needs to rest, nutrition may be given through your vein.
- Antibiotics may be prescribed to help prevent or control infection.
- A drain may be attached to your wound to collect leakage from the fistula.
- If the fistulas do not heal, then part of the intestine may need to be removed.
American Gastroenterological Association http://www.gastro.org
Crohn’s and Colitis Foundation of America http://www.ccfa.org
Health Canada http://www.hc-sc.gc.ca
Crohn's and Colitis Foundation of Canada http://www.ccfc.ca
Cobb A, Knaggs E. The nursing management of enterocutaneous fistulae: a challenge for all. BrJCommunity Nurs . 2003;8;9:S32-8.
Enterocutaneous fistula. UCSF Medical Center website. Available at: http://www.ucsfhealth.org/conditions/enterocutaneous%5Ffistula/ . Accessed April 2, 2013.
Pritts TA, Fischer DR, Fischer JE. Postoperative enterocutaneous fistula. Holzheimer RG, Mannick JA, editors. Surgical Treatment: Evidence-Based and Problem-Oriented . Munich: Zuckschwerdt; 2001. Available from: http://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/books/NBK6914/ . Accessed April 2, 2013.
- Reviewer: Daus Mahnke, MD
- Review Date: 09/2013
- Update Date: 09/30/2013