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Preventing Infections in the Hospital: Steps for Hospital Staff and Patients
Clean Barrier Steps
- Make sure you or anyone who has contact with you washes their hands and washes them often. This includes your family or friends and any hospital staff.
- Good hand washing by hospital staff is one of the most important aspects of infection prevention. If you do not see hospital staff, including your doctor, washing their hands, remind them to do so before coming in contact with you.
- If the staff says they washed their hands before coming into your room, feel free to speak up and ask them to wash their hands again in front of you.
- If you have a roommate, the staff should wash their hands when alternating between you and your roommate.
- If you are unable to communicate, your family members or friends should feel free to ask staff to wash their hands before coming in contact with you.
- Has a specially trained and dedicated infection control staff
- Regularly educates all staff on infection control measures
- Vaccinates and treats personnel for exposure to infection
- Use tissues, or cough and sneeze into the bend of your elbow.
- Maintain a healthy weight.
- Eat a healthy diet.
- If you are diabetic, keep blood sugar levels under control.
- Talk to your doctor about how you can successfully quit smoking.
Centers for Disease Control and Prevention http://www.cdc.gov
The Joint Commission http://www.jointcommission.org
Infection Prevention and Control Canada http://www.ipac-canada.org
Public Health Agency of Canada http://www.phac-aspc.gc.ca
2014 Hospital national patient safety goals. The Joint Commission website. Available at: http://www.jointcommission.org/assets/1/6/2014%5FHAP%5FNPSG%5FE.pdf. Published October 24, 2013. Accessed January 9, 2014.
Hand hygiene. Available at: http://www.jointcommission.org/standards%5Finformation/jcfaqdetails.aspx?StandardsFAQId=391. Accessed January 9, 2014.
Healthcare-associated infections. Centers for Disease Control and Prevention website. Available at: http://www.cdc.gov/hai. Updated September 16, 2013. Accessed January 9, 2014.
The Joint Commission. Infection control. The Joint Commission website. Available at: http://www.jointcommission.org/infection%5Fcontrol.aspx. Accessed January 9, 2014.
Surgical wound infection—prevention. EBSCO DynaMed website. Available at: http://www.ebscohost.com/dynamed. Updated November 4, 2013. Accessed January 9, 2014.
- Reviewer: Michael Woods, MD
- Review Date: 01/2014
- Update Date: 00/10/2014