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What is Potassium?
Potassium is a mineral found in many different foods, including whole grains, fruits, vegetables, milk, dried beans, and peas. Potassium helps maintain normal blood pressure and also helps muscles, including the heart, to contract properly.
Why Follow a Low-Potassium Diet?
Foods High and Low in Potassium
Food With High Potassium
The high-potassium foods on the table contain more than 200 milligrams (mg) of potassium per serving. This is considered to be high in potassium. In general, you should avoid these foods if you need to limit how much potassium you eat. However, you may be able to work with a dietitian to add small portions of your favorite foods.
Food With Low Potassium
The foods in the right-hand column are considered to be low in potassium. Eating these foods can help keep your potassium level normal. Remember, though, that eating more than 1 serving of any of these foods can make it a high-potassium food.
|Food Category||Food With High Potassium||Food With Low Potassium|
|Dairy Foods||Dairy items are high in potassium. You can consume these items in moderation by limiting your portion sizes to 1 serving:
- Eat a variety of low-potassium foods. Limit or avoid high-potassium foods.
- Be aware of the foods that you eat. You may want to keep a food diary or download a food-tracking app on your phone.
- Most food has some potassium. Read food labels to find out how much potassium a food has per serving.
- Do not drink juice from canned fruit, canned vegetables, or cooked meat.
- Work with a dietitian to come up with an individualized food plan. It should list the serving size and amount of low potassium food groups you should consume each day.
American Society of Nutrition
Eat Right—Academy of Nutrition and Dietetics
Dietitians of Canada
The Kidney Foundation of Canada
Low-potassium (2 grams) diet. Huntsman Cancer Hospital website. Available at: http://www.hci.utah.edu/publicweb/content/nutrition/images/LowPotassium.pdf. Updated June 2011. Accessed November 22, 2016.
Potassium and your CKD diet. National Kidney Foundation website. Available at: https://www.kidney.org/atoz/content/potassium. Accessed November 22, 2016.
- Reviewer: Dianne Scheinberg Rishikof MS, RD, LDN
- Review Date: 11/2016
- Update Date: 06/01/2015