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What Is Potassium?
Potassium is a mineral found in many different foods, including whole grains, fruits, vegetables, milk, dried beans, and peas. Potassium helps maintain normal blood pressure and also helps muscles, including the heart, to contract properly.
Why Follow a High-Potassium Diet?
When combined with a low-sodium diet, a diet high in potassium may help lower high blood pressure . This can help lower the risk of stroke and other complications of high blood pressure. If you have kidney problems, you should not follow a high-potassium diet. Talk to your doctor before changing your diet.
Food Choices on a High-Potassium Diet
The below chart shows the healthy foods that are highest in potassium in each food category. If you are eating a high potassium diet to help lower your blood pressure, choose foods from this list. You should also follow a low-sodium or heart-healthy diet .
|Food Category||Food High in Potassium|
|Meats and Beans||
|Fats and Oils||
- Eat a diet rich in whole grains, fruits, and vegetables. These foods tend to be naturally high in potassium, in addition to being loaded with other important vitamins and minerals.
- Work with a dietitian to develop an individualized eating plan.
Academy of Nutrition and Dietetics
American Society for Nutrition
Dietitians of Canada
Heart and Stroke Foundation of Canada
Kidney diseaes: high- and low-potassium foods. Academy of Nutrition and Dietetics website. Available at: http://www.eatright.org/Public/content.aspx?id=4294967541. Accessed May 8, 2014.
Potassium and your CKD diet. National Kidney Foundation website. Available at: http://www.kidney.org/atoz/content/potassium.cfm. Accessed May 8, 2014.
- Reviewer: Dianne Scheinberg Rishikof MS, RD, LDN
- Review Date: 03/2014
- Update Date: 05/08/2014