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Dealing With Miscarriage
What Does (and Doesn’t) Cause Miscarriage
What Can You Do to Reduce Your Risk of Miscarriage?
Risk factors that can be modified with behavioral change:
Risk factors that can be modified with medical or surgical treatment:
- A cervix that is too weak to stay closed during a pregnancy
- Chronic disease
- Hormonal disorders
- Some medications
- Structural abnormalities of the uterus
Risk factors that cannot be modified:
- Older age
What Are the Signs and Symptoms of a Miscarriage?
- Vaginal bleeding or spotting
- Abdominal pain or cramping
- Passage of tissue from the vagina
- Fluid draining from the vagina (without pain)
Why Do Some Women Have Repeated Miscarriages?
How Can You Recover Emotionally From a Miscarriage?
- Avoidance and disbelief: When faced with such an overwhelming loss, you may find yourself avoiding your feelings or having trouble accepting what has happened. Avoidance and disbelief allow you to break your grief down into more manageable pieces until you are more ready to accept the loss of your child.
- Pain: When dealing with the loss of the child, keep in mind that your pain may manifest itself in any number of ways, either as a physical illness, forgetfulness or difficulty concentrating, depression, anger, or guilt. Try to remember that this pain is part of your grieving process and that eventually you will move through it.
- Acceptance and adaptation: While you will never “get over” the death of your child, eventually you will reach a place of acceptance and adaptation, and your pain will ease. This doesn’t mean you will forget your child, but it does mean that you will find a way to incorporate your baby’s memory into your life in a meaningful way and move on toward a different future and a new dream.
The American Congress of Obstetricians and Gynecologists http://www.acog.org
US Office on Women's Health http://www.womenshealth.gov
Health Canada http://www.hc-sc.gc.ca
Women's Health Matters http://www.womenshealthmatters.ca
Christiansen OB, Nybo Anderson AM, Bosch E, et al. Evidence-based investigations and treatments of recurrent pregnancy loss. Fertil Steril. 2005;83(4):821-839.
Early pregnancy loss: Miscarriage and molar pregnancy. American Congress of Obstetricians and Gynecologists website. Available at: http://www.acog.org/~/media/For%20Patients/faq090.pdf?dmc=1&ts=20130725T1029548132. Accessed July 25, 2013.
Miscarriage. EBSCO DynaMed website. Available at: http://www.ebscohost.com/dynamed/what.php. Updated April 29, 2013. Accessed July 25, 2013.
Miscarriage. March of Dimes website. Available at: http://www.marchofdimes.com/baby/loss%5Fmiscarriage.html. Updated October 2008. Accessed July 25, 2013.
Recurrent pregnancy loss.EBSCO DynaMed website. Available at: http://www.ebscohost.com/dynamed/what.php. Updated October 10, 2012. Accessed July 25, 2013.
Repeated miscarriage. American Congress of Obstetricians and Gynecologists website. Available at: http://www.acog.org/~/media/For%20Patients/faq100.pdf?dmc=1&ts=20130725T0945500212. Accessed July 25, 2013.
2/9/2012 DynaMed's Systematic Literature Surveillance http://www.ebscohost.com/dynamed/what.php: Lund M, Kamper-Jørgensen M, Nielsen HS, et al. Prognosis for live birth in women with recurrent miscarriage: what is the best measure of success? Obstet Gynecol. 2012;119(1):37-43.
- Reviewer: Michael Woods, MD
- Review Date: 07/2013
- Update Date: 00/72/2013