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Forearm Muscle Strain
(Muscle Strain, Forearm; Pulled Muscle, Forearm)
|Muscles of the Hand and Forearm|
|Copyright © Nucleus Medical Media, Inc.|
- Stretching the forearm muscles beyond the amount of tension they can withstand
- Suddenly putting stress on the forearm muscles when they are not ready for stress
- Overusing the forearm muscles over time
- Getting a direct blow to the forearm muscles
- Participation in sports that overuse the forearm
- Previous strain or injury to the area
- Muscle fatigue
- Weak or tired muscles
- A job that requires repetitive movements that strain the forearm muscles
- Problems flexing your fingers or wrist
- Pain while stretching the fingers or wrist
- Area feels tender and sore
- Muscle spasms
- Grade 1—Some stretching with micro tearing of muscle fibers.
- Grade 2—Partial tearing of muscle fibers.
- Grade 3—Complete tearing of muscle fibers. This may also be called a rupture or avulsion.
- Do not do activities that cause pain.
- Do not play sports until your doctor has said it is safe to do so.
- Over-the-counter medication, such as aspirin, ibuprofen, or acetaminophen
- Topical pain medication—creams or patches that are applied to the skin
- Prescription pain relievers
- At work, use an ergonomic keyboard or workstation.
- Keep muscles strong. This will help them absorb the energy of sudden stressful activities.
- Avoid over exercising.
- Learn the proper technique for sports.
- If you are feeling tired, stop exercising.
American Academy of Family Physicians Family Doctor http://www.aafp.org
American Council on Exercise http://www.acefitness.org
Canadian Physiotherapy Association http://www.physiotherapy.ca
Canadian Academy of Sports Medicine http://casem-acmse.org
Dawson, WJ. Intrinsic muscle strain in the instrumentalist. Med Prol Perform Artists. 2005;20:66-69.
Johns Hopkins sports medicine patient guide to muscle strain. John Hopkins Medicine website. Available at: http://www.hopkinsortho.org/muscle%5Fstrain.html. Accessed April 26, 2013.
Sprains, strains, and tears. American College of Sports Medicine website. Available at: http://www.acsm.org/docs/brochures/sprains-strains-and-tears.pdf. Accessed April 26, 2013.
What is Occupational Therapy? American Occupational Therapy Association website. Available at: http://aota.org/Consumers.aspx. Accessed April 26, 2013.
10/26/2010 DynaMed's Systematic Literature Surveillance http://www.ebscohost.com/dynamed/what.php: Massey T, Derry S, Moore R, McQuay H. Topical NSAIDs for acute pain in adults. Cochrane Database Syst Rev. 2010;(6):CD007402.
- Reviewer: Michael Woods, MD
- Review Date: 02/2014
- Update Date: 03/18/2013