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Mild Cognitive Impairment
|Areas of the Brain|
|Copyright © Nucleus Medical Media, Inc.|
- Family history of MCI-AT, dementia, or Alzheimer's
- Medical conditions, such as high blood pressure , heart disease, diabetes , stroke , head injury, depression , anxiety , or infections
- Lack of physical activity
- Substance abuse
- Lack of social contact
- Low educational level
- Excessive response to stress
- Poor nutrition and lack of vitamins
- Exposure to toxins
- Remember much less of what you have just read or seen than people who have only the normal memory changes of aging
- Take longer to recall information
- Memory and cognitive skill tests
- Blood tests
- Lumbar puncture —to test the fluid around the brain and spinal cord for possible causes
Preventing, or at least slowing down, further loss of memory and other cognitive abilities using
- Cognitive intervention
- Occupational therapy
- Preventing dementia and Alzheimer's disease
- Manage medical conditions, especially high blood pressure
- Manage psychiatric conditions, such as depression
- Stay mentally active by doing things like memory exercises, crossword puzzles, reading, and taking classes
- Get regular exercise
- Participate in social activities
- Reduce stress
- Eat a healthful diet
National Institute on Aging http://www.nia.nih.gov
Psych—American Psychiatric Association http://www.psych.org
The Alzheimer Society of Canada http://www.alzheimer.ca
Seniors Canada http://www.seniors.gc.ca
Birks J, Flicker L. Donepezil for mild cognitive impairment. Cochrane Database Syst Rev. 2006;3:CD006104.
DeKosky ST, Williamson JD, Fitzpatrick AL, et al. Ginko biloba for prevention of dementia: a randomized controlled trila. JAMA. 2008;300:2306-2308.
Feldman HH, Jacova C. Mild cognitive impairment. Am J Geriatr Psychiatry. 2005;13:645-655.
Gauthier S, Reisberg B, Zaudig M, et al. Mild cognitive impairment. Lancet. 2006;367:1262-1270.
Institute for the Study of Aging and International Longevity Center–USA (March 2001). Achieving and Maintaining Cognitive Vitality With Aging: A Workshop Report. New York, NY.
Mild cognitive impairment. EBSCO DynaMed website. Available at: http://www.ebscohost.com/dynamed. Updated August 23, 2013. Accessed September 5, 2013.
National Institute on Aging. 2011-2012 Alzheimer's Disease Progress Report. Available at: http://www.nia.nih.gov/alzheimers/publication/2011-2012-alzheimers-disease-progress-report. Accessed September 5, 2013.
Petersen RC. Mild cognitive impairment: current research and clinical implications. Semin Neurol. 2007;27.
Petersen RC, Roberts RO, Knopmann DS, et al. Mild cognitive impairment: ten years later. Arch Neurol. 2009;66(12):1447-1455.
Petersen RC, Smith GE, Waring SC, Ivnik RJ, Tangalos EG, Kokmen E. Mild cognitive impairment: clinical characterization and outcome. Archives of Neurology. 1999;56:303-308.
- Reviewer: Rimas Lukas, MD
- Review Date: 08/2014
- Update Date: 09/30/2013