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Kids Get Headaches Too
Childhood Headache Tips for Parents
Pay Attention to a Headache
Find Headache Relief
Take It Easy
Tell Teachers and School Staff
The Headache Diary
- What does the headache feel like?
- Where is the pain located?
- Does your headache appear without warning or are there signs of it coming, such as weakness, nausea, lightheadedness, or sensitivity to light or noise?
- Do you see bright lights, blind spots, or changes in vision?
- Do headaches occur after eating certain foods or drinking certain beverages such as caffeinated soft drinks, pizza, or chocolate?
- Do certain situations, events, or physical activity produce a headache?
- When do the headaches occur—once a week, twice a week, once a month?
- Does anyone else in your family have headaches?
When Is Further Evaluation Necessary?
- Weakness, visual or speech difficulties, or a change in personality
- Vomiting in association with headaches
- Headaches that awaken a child at night or are there when they wake in the morning
- Headaches in association with excessive urination or unusually early development of puberty or failure to menstruate when expected
- Headaches that worsen steadily in severity or frequency over days or weeks, change in a long-established pattern of headache, or the onset of a severe headache
- Headache associated with depression or anxiety—Further evaluation generally focuses on the anxiety or depression unless headaches meet one or more of the criteria above
Healthy Children—American Academy of Pediatrics http://www.healthychildren.org
National Headache Foundation http://www.headaches.org
Health Canada http://www.hc-sc.gc.ca
Help for Headaches http://www.headache-help.org
Children's headache disorders. National Headache Foundation website. Available at: http://www.headaches.org/educational%5Fmodules/childrensheadache/chhome.html. Accessed May 6, 2014.
Headaches. Kids Health—Nemours Foundation website. Available at: http://kidshealth.org/parent/general/aches/headache.html. Updated April 2013. Accessed May 6, 2014.
Watemberg N, Matar M, et al. The influence of excessive chewing gum use on headache frequency and severity among adolescents. Pediatr Neurol. 2014 Jan;50(1):69-72.
1/2/2014 DynaMed's Systematic Literature Surveillance http://www.ebscohost.com/dynamed: Powers SW, Kashikar-Zuck SM, et al. Cognitive behavioral therapy plus amitriptyline for chronic migraine in children and adolescents: a randomized clinical trial. JAMA. 2013 Dec 25;310(24):2622-30.
1/2/2014 DynaMed's Systematic Literature Surveillance http://www.ebscohost.com/dynamed: Huquet A, McGrath PJ, et al. Efficacy of psychological treatment for headaches: an overview of systematic reviews and analysis of potential modifiers of treatment efficacy. Clin J Pain. 2013. Jul 2.
1/2/2014 DynaMed's Systematic Literature Surveillance http://www.ebscohost.com/dynamed: Watemberg N, Matar M, et al. The influence of excessive chewing gum use on headache frequency and severity among adolescents. Pediatr Neurol. 2014 Jan;50(1):69-72.
- Reviewer: Brian Randall, MD
- Review Date: 06/2012
- Update Date: 01/02/2014