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- Regulate metabolic rate
- Regulate growth and development
- Promotes bone and protein synthesis
Recommended Dietary Allowance [RDA] or Adaquate Intake
Upper Limits [UL]
|0-6 months||110||Not determinable|
|7-12 months||130||Not determinable|
|19 years and older||150||1,100|
|Pregnancy (18 or younger)||220||900|
|Pregnancy (19-50 years)||220||1,100|
|Lactation (18 or younger)||290||900|
|Lactation (19-50 years)||290||1,100|
Too Little Iodide
Too Much Iodide
- Coarse, brittle hair; hair loss
- Facial puffiness
- Dry skin
- Swollen hands or feet
- Cold intolerance
- Weight gain
- Achy feeling all over
- Depression and irritability
- Menstrual abnormalities or infertility
- Heat intolerance
- Enlarged thyroid gland (goiter)
- Heart palpitations
- Increased sweating
- Nervousness, irritability
- Redness, swelling, and protrusion of the eyes
- Shortness of breath
- Increased number of bowel movements
- Irregular or no menstrual period
Major Food Sources
|Table salt, iodized||1 gram||77|
|Cod, cooked||3 ounces||99|
|Potato, cooked, peeled||1 medium||60|
|Lima beans, cooked||½ cup||8|
Tips for Increasing Your Iodide Intake
EatRight.org - American Academy of Nutrition and Dietetics http://www.eatright.org
Thyroid.org - American Thyroid Association http://www.thyroid.org
Dietitians of Canada http://www.dietitians.ca
Thyroid.ca - The Thyroid Foundation of Canada http://www.thyroid.ca
Duyff RL. The American Dietetic Association’s Complete Food and Nutrition Guide. Minneapolis, MN: Chronimed Publishing; 1998.
Garrison R, Somer E. The Nutrition Desk Reference. New Canaan, CT: Keats Publishing; 1995.
Hypothyroidism in children. EBSCO DynaMed website. Available at: http://www.ebscohost.com/dynamed. Updated January 22, 2014. Accessed June 10, 2014.
Institute of Medicine. Dietary reference intakes: elements. Institute of Medicine website. Available at: http://www.iom.edu/~/media/Files/Activity%20Files/Nutrition/DRIs/DRI%5FElements.ashx. Accessed June 10, 2014.
Iodine. EBSCO Natural and Alternative Treatments website. Available at: http://www.ebscohost.com/biomedical-libraries/natural-alternative-treatments. Updated August 22, 2013. Accessed June 10, 2014.
Iodine. Oregon State University Linus Pauling Institute website. Available at: http://lpi.oregonstate.edu/infocenter/minerals/iodine. Updated March 2010. Accessed June 10, 2014.
Iodine deficiency. American Thyroid Association website. Available at: http://www.thyroid.org/iodine-deficiency. Accessed June 10, 2014.
Iodine fact sheet for health professionals. Office of Dietary Supplements website. Available at: http://ods.od.nih.gov/factsheets/Iodine-HealthProfessional. Updated June 24, 2011. Accessed June 10, 2014.
Papillary thyroid cancer. EBSCO DynaMed website. Available at: http://www.ebscohost.com/dynamed. Updated June 2, 2014. Accessed June 10, 2014.
Pennington JAT. Bowes & Church’s Food Values of Portions Commonly Used. Philadelphia, PA: Lippincott-Raven Publishers; 1998
- Reviewer: Michael Woods, MD
- Review Date: 06/2014
- Update Date: 00/61/2014