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- Regulate metabolic rate
- Regulate growth and development
- Promotes bone and protein synthesis
Recommended Dietary Allowance [RDA] or Adaquate Intake
Upper Limits [UL]
|0-6 months||110||Not determinable|
|7-12 months||130||Not determinable|
|19 years and older||150||1,100|
|Pregnancy (18 or younger)||220||900|
|Pregnancy (19-50 years)||220||1,100|
|Lactation (18 or younger)||290||900|
|Lactation (19-50 years)||290||1,100|
Too Little Iodide
Too Much Iodide
- Heat intolerance
- Enlarged thyroid gland (goiter)
- Heart palpitations
- Increased sweating
- Nervousness, irritability
- Redness, swelling, and protrusion of the eyes
- Shortness of breath
- Increased number of bowel movements
- Irregular or no menstrual period
Major Food Sources
|Table salt, iodized||¼ teaspoon||100|
|Cod, cooked||3 ounces||87|
|Potato, cooked||1 medium||7|
|Spinach, cooked||½ cup||5|
Tips for Increasing Your Iodide Intake
American Dietetic Association http://www.eatright.org/
American Thyroid Association http://www.thyroid.org/
Dietitians of Canada http://www.dietitians.ca/
The Thyroid Foundation of Canada http://www.thyroid.ca/
What are the risk factors for thyroid cancer? American Cancer Society website. Available at: http://www.cancer.org/Cancer/ThyroidCancer/DetailedGuide/thyroid-cancer-risk-factors. Updated January 20, 2012. Accessed July 12, 2012.
Duyff RL. The American Dietetic Association’s Complete Food and Nutrition Guide . Minneapolis, MN: Chronimed Publishing; 1998.
Food and Nutrition Board. Dietary Reference Intakes for Vitamin A, Vitamin K, Arsenic, Boron, Chromium, Copper, Iodine, Iron, Manganese, Molybdenum, Nickel, Silicon, Vanadium, and Zinc . Institute of Medicine website. Available at: http://www.iom.edu/CMS/3788.aspx .
Garrison R, Somer E. The Nutrition Desk Reference. New Canaan, CT: Keats Publishing; 1995.
Institute of Medicine. Dietary reference intakes: elements. Institute of Medicine website. Available at: http://www.iom.edu/~/media/Files/Activity%20Files/Nutrition/DRIs/DRI%5FElements.ashx. Accessed July 12, 2012.
Iodine. EBSCO Natural and Alternative Treatments website. Available at: http://www.ebscohost.com/healthLibrary/. Updated August 2011. Accessed July 12, 2012.
Iodine. Oregon State University Linus Pauling Institute website. Available at: http://lpi.oregonstate.edu/infocenter/minerals/iodine/. Updated March 2010. Accessed July 19, 2012.
Pennington JAT. Bowes & Church’s Food Values of Portions Commonly Used. Philadelphia, PA: Lippincott-Raven Publishers; 1998
Scheinberg D. Congenital hypothyroidism. EBSCO Health Library website. Available at: http://www.ebscohost.com/healthLibrary/ . Updated September 2011. Accessed July 12, 2012.
The Vitamin Foundation. Iodine deficiency. The Vitamin Foundation website. Available at: http://www.vitamincfoundation.org/iodine.htm. Accessed July 12, 2012.
- Reviewer: Brian Randall, MD
- Review Date: 07/2012
- Update Date: 07/19/2012