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(Arnold-Chiari Malformation; Type II Chiari Malformation; Cerebellomedullary Malformation Syndrome)
|Brain Stem and Lower Brain|
|Copyright © Nucleus Medical Media, Inc.|
- Paralysis of the limbs
- Chronic cough or hoarseness
- Weakness in the legs
- Inability to hear or ringing in the ears
- Eye problems such as difficulty seeing, eye pain, and rapid eye movement
- Poor coordination
- Uncontrolled shaking or trembling
- Difficulty walking
- Numbness or tingling in the arms or legs
- Physical or occupational therapy can help improve muscular coordination and trembling. Braces or a wheelchair may also be needed.
- Speech therapy for speech or swallowing problems
- Medication to help manage headaches and pain
- The malformation may also block the flow of fluid in the brain and spine. Surgery may be needed to correct the flow of fluid.
- Surgery may also be done to release compression of the brain.
American Syringomyelia & Chiari Alliance Project http://www.asap.org
National Institute of Neurological Disorders and Stroke http://www.ninds.nih.gov
Canadian Neurological Sciences Federation http://www.cnsfederation.org
Health Canada http://www.hc-sc.gc.ca
Chiari malformation. Comer Children’s Hospital website. Available at: http://www.uchicagokidshospital.org/online-library/content=P02592. Accessed February 12, 2014.
Chiari malformations. EBSCO DynaMed website. Available at: http://www.ebscohost.com/dynamed. Updated March 12, 2012. Accessed February 12, 2014.
Chiari malformation information page. National Institute of Neurological Disorders and Stroke website. Available at: http://www.ninds.nih.gov/disorders/chiari/chiari.htm. Updated December 30, 2013. Accessed February 12, 2014.
Hekman KE, Aliaga L, et al. Positive and negative predictors for good outcome after decompressive surgery for Chiari malformation type 1 as scored on the Chicago Chiari Outcome Scale. Nuerol Res. 2012;34(7):694-700.
- Reviewer: Rimas Lukas, MD
- Review Date: 02/2014
- Update Date: 02/12/2014