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- Joint Injuries
- Ligament Injuries
- Muscle Injuries
- Sports Injuries
- Sports and Fitness Support: Minor Sports Injuries
Principal Proposed Natural Treatments
Principal Proposed Natural Treatments
Other Proposed Natural Treatments
1 Baumuller M. The application of hydrolytic enzymes in blunt wounds to the soft tissue and distortion of the ankle joint—a double-blind clinical trial [in German]. Allgemeinmedizin. 1990;19:178-182.
2 Zuschlag JM. Double-blind clinical study using certain proteolytic enzyme mixtures in karate fighters [working paper]. In: Mucos Pharma GmbH(Germany). 1988;1-5.
3 Rathgeber WF. The use of proteolytic enzymes (chymoral) in sporting injuries. S Afr Med J . 1971;45:181-183.
4 Deitrick RE. Oral proteolytic enzymes in the treatment of athletic injuries: a double-blind study. Pa Med. 1965;68:35-37.
5 Kleine MW and Pabst H. The effect of an oral enzyme therapy on experimentally produced hematomas [translated from German]. Forum des Prakt und Allgemeinarztes . 1988;27:42, 45-46,48.
6 Shaw PC. The use of a trypsin-chymotrypsin formulation in fractures of the hand. Br J Clin Pract. 1969;23:25-26.
7 Blonstein JL. Control of swelling in boxing injuries. Practitioner . 1969;203:206.
8 Parienti J-J, Parienti-Amsellem J. Post-traumatic edemas in sports: a controlled test of Endotelon [translated from French] .Gaz Med Fr. 1983;90:231-236.
9 Pecking A, Desprez-Curely JP, Megret G. Oligomeric grape flavanols (Endotelon) in the treatment of secondary upper limb lymphedemas [translated from French]. [Source unknown]. 1989:69-73.
10 Baruch J. Effect of Endotelon in postoperative edema. Results of a double-blind study versus placebo in 32 female patients [in French]. Ann Chir Plast Esthet. 1984;29:393-395.
11 Calabrese C, Preston P. Report of the results of a double-blind, randomized, single-dose trial of a topical 2% escin gel versus placebo in the acute treatment of experimentally-induced hematoma in volunteers. Planta Med . 1993;59:394-397.
12 Miller MJ. Evaluation of ascorbic acid and water soluble citrus bioflavonoids in the prophylaxis of injuries in athletes. Med Times. 1960;88:313-316.
13 Fassina A, Rubinacci A. Post-traumatic edema: a controlled study into the activity of hydroxyethyl rutoside [translated from Italian]. Gazz Med Ital Arch Sci . 1987;146:103-109.
14 Hespel P, Eijnde BO, Van Leemputte M, et al. Oral creatine supplementation facilitates the rehabilitation of disuse atrophy and alters the expression of muscle myogenic factors in humans. J Physiol. 2001;536:625-633.
15 Op 't Eijnde B, Urso B, Richter EA, et al. Effect of oral creatine supplementation on human muscle GLUT4 protein content after immobilization. Diabetes . 2001;50:18-23
16 Alonso D, Lazarus MC, Baumann L. Effects of topical arnica gel on post-laser treatment bruises. Dermatol Surg. 2002;28:686-688.
17 Braham R, Dawson B, Goodman C. The effect of glucosamine supplementation on people experiencing regular knee pain. Br J Sports Med . 2003;37:45-49.
18 Perna FM, Antoni MH, Baum A, et al. Cognitive behavioral stress management effects on injury and illness among competitive athletes: a randomized clinical trial. Ann Behav Med . 2003;25:66-73.
19 Kerkhoffs GM, Struijs PA, De Wit C, et al. A double blind, randomised, parallel group study on the efficacy and safety of treating acute lateral ankle sprain with oral hydrolytic enzymes. Br J Sports Med . 2004;38:431-435.
20 Brown SA, Coimbra M, Coberly DM, et al. Oral nutritional supplementation accelerates skin wound healing: a randomized, placebo-controlled, double-arm, crossover study. Plast Reconstr Surg . 2004;114:237-244.
21 Koll R, Buhr M, Dieter R, et al. Efficacy and tolerance of a comfrey root extract (Extr. Rad. Symphyti) in the treatment of ankle distorsions: results of a multicenter, randomized, placebo-controlled, double-blind study. Phytomedicine . 2004;11:470-477.
22 Tyler TF, Nicholas SJ, Hershman EB, et al. The effect of creatine supplementation on strength recovery after anterior cruciate ligament (ACL) reconstruction: a randomized, placebo-controlled, double-blind trial. Am JSports Med . 2004;32:383-388.
23 Doetsch AM, Faber J, Lynnerup N, et al. The effect of calcium and vitamin D(3) supplementation on the healing of the proximal humerus fracture: a randomized placebo-controlled study. Calcif Tissue Int . 2004 May 27. [Epub ahead of print]
24 Ramelet AA, Buchheim G, Lorenz P, et al. Homoeopathic arnica in postoperative haematomas: a double-blind study. Dermatology . 2000;201:347-348.
25 Campbell A. Two pilot controlled trials of Arnica montana . Br Homeopath J . 1976;65:154-158.
26 Stevinson C, Devaraj VS, Fountain-Barber A, et al. Homeopathic arnica for prevention of pain and bruising: randomized placebo-controlled trial in hand surgery. J R Soc Med. 2003;96:60-65.
27 Chung VQ, Kelley L, Marra D, et al. Onion Extract Gel versus Petrolatum Emollient on New Surgical Scars: Prospective Double-Blinded Study. Dermatol Surg. 2006;32:193-198.
28 Ostojic SM, Arsic M, Prodanovic S, et al. Glucosamine administration in athletes: effects on recovery of acute knee injury. Res Sports Med. 2007;15:113-124.
- Reviewer: EBSCO CAM Review Board
- Review Date: 08/2013
- Update Date: 08/22/2013