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What Is Purine?
Purine is a compound found primarily in foods of animal origin. It is especially high in organ meats, anchovies, mackerel, and sardines.
Why Should I Follow a Low-Purine Diet?
A low-purine diet is usually recommended if you have gout . It may also be recommended if you have kidney stones or have had an organ transplant.
The body metabolizes purine into uric acid. A buildup of uric acid can worsen symptoms of gout. If you have gout, eating a low-purine diet can help minimize uric acid production and thereby improve symptoms.
Eating Guide for a Low-Purine Diet
|Food Category||Foods Recommended||Foods to Limit or Avoid|
|Meat and Beans||
In addition to following a low-purine diet, here are some other suggestions for decreasing uric acid production:
- Consider meeting with a registered dietitian to come up with a personalized eating plan.
The Arthritis Foundation
The Purine Research Society
The Arthritis Society
Dietitians of Canada
Choi HK, Liu S, Curhan G. Intake of purine-rich foods, protein, and dairy products and relationship to serum levels of uric acid: the Third National Health and Nutrition Examination Survey. Arthritis Rheum. 2005;52:283-289.
Fam AG. Gout: excess calories, purines, and alcohol intake and beyond. Response to a urate-lowering diet. J Rheumatol. 2005;32:903-905.
Gout: is a purine-restricted diet still recommended? American Dietetic Association website. Available at: http://www.eatright.org/cps/rde/xchg/ada/hs.xsl/nutrition%5F5314%5FENU%5FHTML.htm. Accessed June 22, 2007.
Hyon CK, Mount DB, Reginato AM. Pathogenesis of gout. Ann Intern Med. 2005;143:499-516.
Low-purine diet. University of Pittsburgh Medical Center website. Available at: http://patienteducation.upmc.com/Pdf/LowPurineDiet.PDF. Accessed June 21, 2007.
Nutrition care manual. American Dietetic Association website. Available at: http://nutritioncaremanual.org/auth.cfm?p=%2Findex.cfm%3F. Accessed January 3, 2009.
- Reviewer: Dianne Scheinberg Rishikof MS, RD, LDN
- Review Date: 03/2014
- Update Date: 05/08/2014