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Reducing Your Risk of Parkinson’s Disease
- Having a higher caffeine intake
- Having a higher intake of vitamin E and nuts
- Having a higher intake of unsaturated fatty acids
- Using of nonsteroidal anti-inflammatory drugs (NSAIDs)
- Eating a Mediterranean diet , which includes plant foods (eg, fruits, veggies, grains, beans, seeds), olive oil, and fish
- Regularly engaging in moderate to vigorous exercise
Camdelacreu J. Parkinson disease and Alzheimer disease: environmental risk factors. Neurologia. 2012. June 13.
Conn HF, Rakel RE. Conn’s Current Therapy 2002. 54th ed. Philadelphia, PA: WB Saunders Company; 2002.
De Lau LM, Bornebroek M, Wittemen JC, et al. Dietary fatty acids and the risk of Parkinson disease: the Rotterdam Study. Neurology. 2005;64:2040-2045.
Parkinson's disease. EBSCO DynaMed website. Available at: http://www.ebscohost.com/dynamed/what.php . Updated June 6, 2012. Accessed August 22, 2012.
Parkinson Disease. National Institute of Neurological Disorders and Stroke website. Available at: http://www.ninds.nih.gov/disorders/parkinsons%5Fdisease/parkinsons%5Fdisease.htm . Accessed August 22, 2012.
4/8/2011 DynaMed's Systematic Literature Surveillance DynaMed's Systematic Literature Surveillance : Sofi F, Abbate R, Gensini GF, Casini A. Accruing evidence on benefits of adherence to the Mediterranean diet on health: an updated systematic review and meta-analysis. Am J Clin Nutr. 2010;92(5):1189-1196.
6/17/2011 DynaMed's Systematic Literature Surveillance DynaMed's Systematic Literature Surveillance : Xu Q, Park Y, Huang X, Hollenbeck A, Blair A, Schatzkin A, Chen H. Physical activities and future risk of Parkinson disease. Neurology. 2010;75(4):341-348.
- Reviewer: Rimas Lukas, MD
- Review Date: 09/2013
- Update Date: 09/30/2013