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( Nevus flammeus )
- Sturge-Weber syndrome
- Klippel-Trenaunay-Weber syndrome
- Reddish or purplish in color in adults
- A flat, red or light purple lesion in children
- Raised in adults
- On the head or neck
- Bleeding when scratched
- Dark and thick over time
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American Academy of Dermatology http://www.aad.org
Vascular Birthmarks Foundation http://www.birthmark.org
Canadian Dermatology Association http://www.dermatology.ca
Health Canada http://www.hc-sc.gc.ca
Alster TS, Tanzi EL. Combined 595-nm and 1,064-nm laser irradiation of recalcitrant and hypertrophic port-wine stains in children and adults. Dermatol Surg. 2009 Jun;35(6):914-918.
Jasim ZF, Handley JM. Treatment of pulsed dye laser-resistant port wine stain birthmarks. J Am Acad Dermatol. 2007 Oct;57(4):677-682.
Laser and non surgical enhancements. Duke University Medical Center website. Available at: http://www.dukemedicine.org/treatments/dermatology/skin-care. Accessed August 28, 2014.
Port wine stain. Nemours Kids Health website. Available at: http://kidshealth.org/parent/medical/heart/port%5Fwine%5Fstains.html. Updated September 2013. Accessed August 28, 2014.
Port-wine stain. EBSCO DynaMed website. Available at: http://www.ebscohost.com/dynamed. Updated May 29, 2014. Accessed August 28, 2014.
Port-wine stain information. Vascular Birthmark Foundation website. Available at: http://birthmark.org/node/23. Accessed August 28, 2014.
- Reviewer: Fabienne Daguilh, MD
- Review Date: 06/2014
- Update Date: 05/11/2013