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Diagnosis of Type 2 Diabetes
Fasting Plasma Glucose Test
Random Plasma Glucose Test
Two-hour Glucose Tolerance Test
Hemoglobin A1c (HbA1c)
Other Commonly Ordered Tests
- Urine microalbumin to see if there is any damage to your kidneys
- Blood lipids levels, such as total cholesterol levels, low-density lipoprotein (LDL) cholesterol levels, high-density lipoprotein (HDL) cholesterol levels, and triglycerides levels
- Kidney function tests, including serum creatinine; blood urea nitrogen (BUN); and potassium
Diabetes mellitus type 2. EBSCO DynaMed website. Available at: http://www.ebscohost.com/dynamed.ebscohost.com/about/about-us. Updated July 29, 2013. Accessed August 28, 2013.
Diagnosis of diabetes and prediabetes. National Diabetes Information Clearinghouse website. Available at: http://diabetes.niddk.nih.gov/dm/pubs/diagnosis. Updated August 29, 2012. Accessed August 28, 2013.
Glucose monitoring. EBSCO DynaMed website. Available at: http://www.ebscohost.com/dynamed.ebscohost.com/about/about-us. Updated May 20, 2013. Accessed August 28, 2013.
Rosenbloom AL, Silverstein JH, et al. ISPAD clinical practice consensus guideline 2006-2007. Type 2 diabetes mellitus in the child and adolescent. Pediatr Diabetes. 2008;9:512-526.
Rosenzweig JL, Ferrannini E, et al. Primary prevention of cardiovascular disease and type 2 diabetes in patients at metabolic risk: an endocrine society clinical practice guideline. J Clin Endocrinol Metab. 2008;93:3671-3689.
US Preventive Services Task Force: Screening for type 2 diabetes mellitus in adults: US Preventive Services Task Force recommendation statement. Ann Intern Med. 2008;148:846-854.
2/15/2010 2013 DynaMed's Systematic Literature Surveillance https://dynamed.ebscohost.com/about/about-us. American Diabetes Association. Standards of medical care in diabetes—2010. Diabetes Care. 2010;33(suppl 1:S11-61).
2/15/2010 2013 DynaMed's Systematic Literature Surveillance https://dynamed.ebscohost.com/about/about-us. American Diabetes Association. Diagnosis and classification of diabetes mellitus. Diabetes Care. 2010;33(suppl 1:S62-69).
- Reviewer: Kim A. Carmichael, MD, FACP
- Review Date: 09/2014
- Update Date: 09/17/2014