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Reducing Your Risk of Temporomandibular Disorders (TMD)
Cummings CW. Otolaryngology: Head & Neck Surgery. 4th ed. St. Louis, MO: Mosby; 2005.
Dambro MR. Griffith’s 5-Minute Clinical Consult. Philadelphia, PA: Lippincott Williams & Wilkins; 2006.
Okeson, Jeffrey. Clinical Management of Temporomandibular Disorders and Occlusion. 6th ed. St. Louis, MO: Mosby 2007.
Siccoli MM. Facial pain: a clinical differential diagnosis. Lancet Neurol. 2006;5:257-267.
TMD/TMJ (temporomandibular disorders). American Dental Association website. Available at: http://www.ada.org/. Accessed September 17, 2008.
TMJ. American Academy of Otolaryngology—Head and Neck Surgery website. Available at: http://www.entnet.org/HealthInformation/tmj.cfm. Accessed September 17, 2008.
TMJ (temporomandibular joint and muscle disorders). National Institute of Dental and Craniofacial Research website. Available at: http://www.nidcr.nih.gov/OralHealth/Topics/TMJ/. Updated August 2008. Accessed September 17, 2008.
- Reviewer: Michael Woods, MD
- Review Date: 02/2014
- Update Date: 03/18/2013