Return to Index
Lifestyle Changes to Manage Temporomandibular Disorders (TMD)
- Learn to manage stress
- Wear night guards
- Stop chewing gum
- Avoid opening your mouth very wide
- Eat softer foods
Cummings CW. Otolaryngology: Head & Neck Surgery . 4th ed. St. Louis, MO: Mosby; 2005.
Dambro MR. Griffith’s 5-Minute Clinical Consult . Philadelphia, PA: Lippincott Williams & Wilkins; 2006.
Okeson, Jeffrey. Clinical Management of Temporomandibular Disorders and Occlusion . 6th ed. St. Louis, MO: Mosby 2007.
Siccoli MM. Facial pain: a clinical differential diagnosis. Lancet Neurology . 2006;5:257-267.
TMD/TMJ (temporomandibular disorders). American Dental Association website. Available at: http://www.ada.org . Accessed September 17, 2008.
TMJ. American Academy of Otolaryngology—Head and Neck Surgery website. Available at: http://www.entnet.org/HealthInformation/tmj.cfm . Accessed September 17, 2008.
TMJ (temporomandibular joint and muscle disorders). National Institute of Dental and Craniofacial Research website. Available at: http://www.nidcr.nih.gov/OralHealth/Topics/TMJ . Updated August 2008. Accessed September 17, 2008.
- Reviewer: Michael Woods, MD
- Review Date: 02/2014
- Update Date: 03/18/2013