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Reducing Your Risk of Pneumonia
Ask Your Doctor About Vitamins and Minerals
Use Precautions to Avoid Infections
- Wash your hands frequently.
- Avoid being near people who are ill.
- Avoid exposure to toxic or damaging fumes. Exposure to gases, chemicals, air pollution, and secondhand smoke can irritate your lungs and make them more vulnerable to infection.
- Eat a healthy diet . Maintaining good nutrition helps keep your immune system strong.
- Exercise regularly . Exercise can help keep your immune system functioning optimally.
- Do not use intravenous (IV) drugs. Using illegal drugs can increase your risk of getting pneumonia, as well as other infectious diseases.
Ascorbic acid. EBSCO DynaMed website. Available at: https://dynamed.ebscohost.com/about/about-us . Updated March 6, 2013. Accessed April 2, 2013.
How can pneumonia be prevented? National Heart Lung Blood Institute website. Available at: http://www.nhlbi.nih.gov/health/health-topics/topics/pnu/prevention.html . Updated March 1, 2011. Accessed April 2, 2013.
Jackson LA, Neuzil KM, et al. Effectiveness of Pneumococcal Polysaccharide Vaccine in Older Adults. N Engl J Med . 2003; 348: 1747-1755.
Prevent Pneumonia. American Lung Association website. Available at: http://www.lung.org/lung-disease/pneumonia/prevent-pneumonia.html . Accessed April 2, 2013.
Pneumonia in adults. EBSCO DynaMed website. Available at: https://dynamed.ebscohost.com/about/about-us . Updated March 25, 2013. Accessed April 2, 2013.
Zinc. Office of Dietary Supplements website. Available at: http://ods.od.nih.gov/factsheets/Zinc-HealthProfessional . Updated September 20, 2011. Accessed April 2, 2013.
10/30/2009 DynaMed Systematic Literature Surveillance https://dynamed.ebscohost.com/about/about-us : Hemila H, Louhiala P. Vitamin C for preventing and treating pneumonia. Cochrane Database Syst Rev . 2009;(3):CD005532.
2/4/2011 DynaMed's Systematic Literature Surveillance https://dynamed.ebscohost.com/about/about-us : Lassi Z, Haider B, et al. Zinc supplementation for the prevention of pneumonia in children aged 2 months to 59 months. Cochrane Database Syst Rev . 2010;(12):CD005978. Bhutta ZA, Black RE, et al. Prevention of diarrhea and pneumonia by zinc supplementation in children in developing countries: pooled analysis of randomized controlled trials. Zinc Investigators' Collaborative Group. J Pediatr . 1999;135(6):689-697. Bhandari N, Bahl R, et al. Effect of routine zinc supplementation on pneumonia in children aged 6 months to 3 years: randomised controlled trial in an urban slum. BMJ . 2002;324(7350):1358. Brooks WA, Santosham M, et al. Effect of weekly zinc supplements on incidence of pneumonia and diarrhoea in children younger than 2 years in an urban, low-income population in Bangladesh: randomised controlled trial. Lancet . 2005;366(9490):999-1004.
10/21/2013 DynaMed's Systematic Literature Surveillance DynaMed's Systematic Literature Surveillance : Hemilä H, Louhiala P. Vitamin C for preventing and treating pneumonia. Cochrane Database Syst Rev. 2013 Aug 8;8.
- Reviewer: Brian Randall, MD
- Review Date: 06/2013
- Update Date: 10/21/2013