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Diagnosis of Inflammatory Bowel Disease
The doctor will ask about your symptoms and medical history. A physical exam will be done. The doctor will attempt to rule out other conditions, such as infection, that may be causing your symptoms. If you are diagnosed with inflammatory bowel disease, testing can also be used to monitor the disease and assess complications.
Tests may include:
- Blood tests—to look for anemia and signs of inflammation
- Stool sample—to look for the presence of blood or infection
The colon and rectum can be examined with:
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Imaging tests evaluate the intestines and surrounding structures. These may include:
A biopsy may be taken during these tests. A biopsy is a sample of the intestinal tissue that can be examined in a lab by a pathologist.
American Gastroenterological Association website. Available at: http://www.gastro.org. Accessed March 6, 2006.
Crohn's and Colitis Foundation of America website. Available at: http://www.ccfa.org. Accessed March 6, 2006.
National Digestive Diseases Information Clearinghouse website. Available at: http://digestive.niddk.nih.gov. Accessed March 6, 2006.
Primary Care Medicine. 4th ed. Lippincott Williams and Wilkins; 2000.
Rakel RE and Bope ET. Conn's Current Therapy 2001. 53rd ed. Philadelphia, PA: W.B. Saunders Company; 2001.
7/6/2015 DynaMed's Systematic Literature Surveillance http://www.ebscohost.com/dynamed: Kim DH, Carucci LR, Baker ME, et al. American College of Radiology appropriateness criteria for Crohn disease. Available at: http://www.acr.org/~/media/ACR/Documents/AppCriteria/Diagnostic/CrohnDisease.pdf. Updated 2014. Accessed July 6, 2015.
- Reviewer: Daus Mahnke, MD
- Review Date: 09/2014
- Update Date: 07/06/2015