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Treatments for Hypertension
The goal of treating hypertension is to reduce and maintain your blood pressure to within your desired range while minimizing side effects. Monitoring and maintaining blood pressure within specific limits will help to reduce the risk of blood vessel damage which can lead to complications, such as:
- Coronary artery disease (CAD)
- Heart attack
- Heart failure
- Kidney failure
- Mild cognitive impairment
Management of hypertension involves a combination of lifestyle changes and medications. If you have any underlying conditions, such as diabetes or high cholesterol, they will need to be managed as well.
Treatment may need to be adjusted throughout your lifetime. Maintain contact with your medical team, adhere to treatment, and go to any scheduled appointments to keep your treatment on track.
Treatment involves the following:Lifestyle changesMedicationsAlternative and complementary therapies
Prevention & treatment of high blood pressure. American Heart Association website. Available at: http://www.heart.org/HEARTORG/Conditions/HighBloodPressure/PreventionTreatmentofHighBloodPressure/Prevention-Treatment-of-High-Blood-Pressure%5FUCM%5F002054%5FArticle.jsp. Updated June 6, 2012. Accessed February 28, 2014.
How is high blood pressure treated? National Heart, Lung, and Blood Institute website. Available at: http://www.nhlbi.nih.gov/health/health-topics/topics/hbp/treatment. Updated August 2, 2012. Accessed February 28, 2014.
Hypertension. EBSCO DynaMed website. Available at: http://www.ebscohost.com/dynamed. Updated February 12, 2014. Accessed February 28, 2014.
- Reviewer: Michael J. Fucci, DO
- Review Date: 09/2015
- Update Date: 09/17/2014