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Risk Factors for Headache
Risk Factors for Tension Headache
Risk Factors for Migraine
- Skipping meals
- Too much or too little sleep
- Emotional events
- Depression or anxiety
- Excessive alcohol use and hangovers
- Loud or sudden noises
- Caffeine or caffeine withdrawal
- Aged cheeses
- Monosodium glutamate (MSG)
- Certain fruits and nuts
- Fermented or pickled goods
- Cured or processed meats
- Birth control pills or hormone replacement therapy; there may be some relationship between female hormones and migraines
- Headache remedies used on a daily or near daily basis
- Changes in altitude, weather, or time-zone
- Glaring lights
- Perfumes or other odors
Risk Factors for Cluster Headache
Risk Factors for Sinus Headache
Bigal ME, Lipton RB. Modifiable risk factors for migraine progression. Headache. 2006;46:1334-1343.
Brandes JL. The influence of estrogen on migraine: a systematic review. JAMA. 2006;295:1824-1830.
Gardner KL. Genetics of migraine: an update. Headache. 2006;46:S19-24.
Headache—frequently asked questions. National Headache Foundation website. Available at: http://www.headaches.org/education/Tools%5Ffor%5FSufferers/Headache—Frequently%5FAsked%5FQuestions. Accessed November 19, 2013.
Headache. National Institute of Neurological Disorders and Stroke website. Available at: http://www.ninds.nih.gov/disorders/headache/detail%5Fheadache.htm. Updated November 8, 2013. Accessed November 19, 2013.
8/27/2010 DynaMed's Systematic Literature Surveillance https://dynamed.ebscohost.com/about/about-us: Robberstad L, Dyb G, et al. An unfavorable lifestyle and recurrent headaches among adolescents: The HUNT Study. Neurology. 2010;75(8):712-717.
1/2/2014 DynaMed's Systematic Literature Surveillance http://www.ebscohost.com/dynamed: Watemberg N, Matar M, et al. The influence of excessive chewing gum use on headache frequency and severity among adolescents. Pediatr Neurol. 2014 Jan;50(1):69-72.
- Reviewer: Rimas Lukas, MD
- Review Date: 11/2013
- Update Date: 01/02/2014