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Treatments for Gout
There is no cure for gout, but most symptoms and attacks can be managed with a combination of lifestyle changes and medications. The earlier gout is detected and treated, the better it can be controlled.
The goals of treatment for gout include:
- Managing symptoms of an acute attack
- Decreasing the risk of recurrence by managing uric acid levels
- Preventing complications, such as joint or kidney damage, which can occur with recurrent attacks
Treatment options can vary by individual. Working with a healthcare team is important to help find the treatments that works best for each person.
Treatment may include the following:Lifestyle changesMedicationsAlternative and complementary therapiesOther treatments
ACR publishes guidelines for pharmacologic and nonpharmacologic treatment of gout. Am Fam Physician. 2013;88(6):408-412.
Gout. American College of Rheumatology website. Available at: http://www.rheumatology.org/I-Am-A/Patient-Caregiver/Diseases-Conditions/Gout. Updated September 2012. Accessed December 5, 2014.
Gout. EBSCO DynaMed Plus website. Available at: http://www.dynamed.com/topics/dmp~AN~T115215/Gout. Updated September 2, 2016. Accessed September 30, 2016.
Gout. National Institute of Arthritis and Musculoskeletal and Skin Diseases website. Available at: http://www.niams.nih.gov/Health%5FInfo/Gout/gout%5Fff.asp. Updated July 2010. Accessed December 5, 2014.
Gout—treatment of acute attack. EBSCO DynaMed Plus website. Available at: http://www.dynamed.com/topics/dmp~AN~T474276/Gout-management-treatment-of-acute-attack. Updated October 13, 2014. Accessed December 5, 2014.
Gout—prevention of recurrent attacks. EBSCO DynaMed Plus website. Available at: http://www.dynamed.com/topics/dmp~AN~T474277/Gout-management-prevention-of-recurrent-attacks. Updated January 5, 2016. Accessed September 30, 2016.
Gout testing. American Association for Clinical Chemistry Lab Tests Online website. Available at: http://labtestsonline.org/understanding/conditions/gout/start/1. Updated June 25, 2013. Accessed December 5, 2014.
Pittman JR, Bross MH. Diagnosis and management of gout. Am Fam Physician. 1999;59(7):1799-1806.
- Reviewer: Michael Woods, MD
- Review Date: 03/2016
- Update Date: 03/15/2015