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Risk Factors for Erectile Dysfunction (Impotence)
- Cardiovascular disease
- Arteriosclerosis (hardening of arteries)
- Chronic kidney disease
- Chronic obstructive pulmonary disease (COPD)
- Peyronie's disease (bending of the penis caused by scar tissue)
- Endocrine disorders (hypogonadism, hyperthyroidism , hypothyroidism , hyperprolactinemia, Cushing syndrome )
- Neurological disorders (such as multiple sclerosis , peripheral neuropathy , stroke )
- Myotonic dystrophy
- Hypertension (high blood pressure)
- Psychiatric disorders (such as anxiety , depression , schizophrenia )
- Psychological problems (stress, personal relationships, new partners)
- Vascular surgery
- Urologic surgery, such as prostate surgery
- Pelvic surgeries (particularly for prostate cancer)
- Spinal cord injury
- Alcohol use
- Illegal drug use (eg, heroin, marijuana)
- Anabolic steroid use
- Heavy smoking
- Histamine blockers
Erectile dysfunction. EBSCO DynaMed website. Available at: http://www.ebscohost.com/dynamed/what.php . Updated July 25, 2012. Accessed September 14, 2012.
Erectile dysfunction. National Institute of Diabetes & Digestive & Kidney Diseases website. Available at: http://kidney.niddk.nih.gov/kudiseases/pubs/ED/index.aspx . Updated March 28, 2012. Accessed September 14, 2012.
Erectile Dysfunction. Urology Care Foundation website. Available at: http://www.urologyhealth.org/content/moreinfo/ed-factsheet.pdf . Updated 2009. Accessed September 14, 2012.
Guay AT, Spark RF, Bansal S, et al. American Association of Clinical Endocrinologists medical guidelines for clinical practice for the evaluation and treatment of male sexual dysfunction: a couple’s problem. 2003 update. Endocr Pract. 2003;9:77-95.
Sivalingam S, Hashim H, Schwaibold H. An overview of the diagnosis and treatment of erectile dysfunction. Drugs. 2006;66:2339-2355.
Webber R. Erectile dysfunction. Clinical Evidence. 2005;13:1120-1127.
- Reviewer: Adrienne Carmack, MD
- Review Date: 09/2013
- Update Date: 09/30/2013