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Symptoms of Epilepsy
Partial or Focal Seizures
- Tingling or numbness sensations in the arms, legs, hands, or feet
- Muscle twitching of one side of a limb, hand, finger, or muscle
- Experiencing smells, tastes, sights, sounds, or other sensations that are not real
- Unusual, repetitive, uncontrolled motions or movements, such as chewing movements or smacking of the lips
Generalized Convulsive (Grand Mal) Seizures
- Loss of urinary or bowel control
- Muscle spasms or stiffening of the muscles
- Drop attacks
- Unusual, repetitive, uncontrolled motions or movements
- Biting of tongue
Prior to the convulsions:
- Feeling of unusual warning, such as the smell of burning rubber
- Deep sleep, drowsiness, confusion, or altered responsiveness
- Awakening with headache
- Awakening with no memory of the seizure
General Seizures Without Convulsions
- Appearance of daydreaming
- Blinking of the eyes rhythmically
- Twitching of facial muscles
- No memory of the seizure after it occurs
- Very characteristic electroencephalogram (EEG) pattern
Epilepsy in adults. EBSCO DynaMed website. Available at: http://www.ebscohost.com/dynamed. Updated February 18, 2013. Accessed February 22, 2013.
Epilepsy in children. EBSCO DynaMed website. Available at: http://www.ebscohost.com/dynamed. Updated November 19, 2012. Accessed February 22, 2013.
NINDS Epilepsy information page. National Institute of Neurological Disorders and Stroke website. Available at: http://www.ninds.nih.gov/disorders/epilepsy/epilepsy.htm. Updated February 21, 2013. Accessed February 22, 2013.
What is epilepsy? Epilepsy Foundation website. Available at: http://www.epilepsyfoundation.org/aboutepilepsy/whatisepilepsy/index.cfm. Accessed February 22, 2013.
- Reviewer: Rimas Lukas, MD
- Review Date: 03/2014
- Update Date: 00/50/2014