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Risk Factors for Epilepsy
|Side View of the Brain|
|Copyright © Nucleus Medical Media, Inc.|
- Head injury
- Alzheimers disease
- Tumors (primary or metastatic)
- Heart failure
- Kidney failure
- Liver failure
- Any condition that deprives the brain of oxygen, such as near-drowning
- Sleep deprivation
- Infectious diseases, such as:
- Hydrocephalus (excess fluid in the brain)
- Celiac disease (intolerance to wheat gluten)
- Metabolic conditions, such as low blood sugar, high or low salt, low magnesium or calcium
- High fever
- Poor nutrition
Berkow R. The Merck Manual of Medical Information. 17th ed. New York, NY: Simon and Schuster; 2000.
Epilepsy Foundation website. Available at: http://www.epilepsyfoundation.org.
National Institute of Neurological Disorders and Stroke website. Available at: http://www.ninds.nih.gov.
5/6/2011 DynaMed's Systematic Literature Surveillance http://www.ebscohost.com/dynamed: Quet F, Guerchet M, Pion SD, Ngoungou EB, Nicoletti A, Preux PM. Meta-analysis of the association between cysticercosis and epilepsy in Africa. Epilepsia. 2010 ;51(5):830-837.
- Reviewer: Rimas Lukas, MD
- Review Date: 03/2013
- Update Date: 03/15/2013