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Screening for Cataracts
- Visual acuity test—This eye chart test measures how well you see at various distances.
- Slit lamp exam—This examination of the eye uses a specialized microscope that magnifies the eye.
- Tonometry—This standard test measures fluid pressure inside the eye; increased pressure may be a sign of glaucoma.
- Dilated eye exam—You will be given special eye drops to widen your pupil and allows better examination of the lens and the structures of the back of the eye.
- At least once between age 20-29
- At least twice between age 30-39
- Age 40-64: every 2 to 4 years
- Age 65 and older: every 1 to 2 years
- Have risk factors for cataracts, glaucoma, or other eye diseases
- Have a personal or family history of eye disease
- Have had a serious eye injury in the past
- Had eye surgery in the past
- Are taking a corticosteroid medication
- Have diabetes, high blood pressure, or other chronic illness
Cataract. American Optometric Association website. Available at: http://www.aoa.org/patients-and-public/eye-and-vision-problems/glossary-of-eye-and-vision-conditions/cataract. Accessed November 21, 2013.
Facts about cataract. National Eye Institute. Available at: http://www.nei.nih.gov/health/cataract/cataract%5Ffacts.asp. Updated September 2009. Accessed November 21, 2013.
What are cataracts? American Academy of Ophthalmology EyeSmart website. Available at: http://www.geteyesmart.org/eyesmart/diseases/cataracts.cfm. Accessed November 21, 2013.
What is a cataract? NIH Senior Health website. Available at: http://nihseniorhealth.gov/cataract/whatisacataract/01.html. Accessed November 21, 2013.
- Reviewer: Michael Woods, MD
- Review Date: 11/2013
- Update Date: 11/21/2013