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Hand, Foot, and Mouth Disease
(Vesicular Stomatitis With Exanthem)
- Contact with someone who is infected
- Age: children under 10 years old
- Fever that lasts 3 days or longer
- Infection by specific enterovirus
- Fever at 99.5°F or 37.5°C
- High blood sugar
- Home care
- Mild fever
- Poor appetite
- Sore throat
- Painful sores in the mouth
- Skin rash that does not itch, usually on the palms of hands and soles of feet
- Throat swab
- Stool specimen
- Wash your hands frequently, especially after diaper changes.
- Clean contaminated surfaces with soap and water followed by a diluted solution of chlorine-containing bleach. (Mix about one-fourth cup of bleach with one-gallon water.)
- Avoid close contact with children with HFMD.
Centers for Disease Control and Prevention http://www.cdc.gov
National Institute of Allergy and Infectious Diseases http://www.niaid.nih.gov
Canadian Pediatric Society http://www.cps.ca
Public Health Agency of Canada http://www.phac-aspc.gc.ca
Hand-foot-and-mouth disease. EBSCO DynaMed website. Available at: http://www.ebscohost.com/dynamed. Updated July 13, 2012. Accessed January 2, 2013.
Hand, foot, and mouth disease. Centers for Disease Control and Prevention website. Available at: http://www.cdc.gov/hand-foot-mouth/index.html. Updated May 29, 2012. Accessed January 2, 2012.
6/24/2014 DynaMed's Systematic Literature Surveillance http://www.ebscohost.com/dynamed: Fang Y, Wang S, et al. Risk factors of severe hand, foot and mouth disease: A meta-analysis. Scand J Infect Dis. 2014;46(7):515-522.
- Reviewer: Kari Kassir, MD
- Review Date: 12/2013
- Update Date: 00/62/2014