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Risk Factors for Arrhythmias (Heart Rhythm Disturbances)
- Heart muscle damage after heart attack
- Coronary artery disease
- Problems with heart valves
- Rheumatic heart disease
- Endocrine disorders, such as thyroid or adrenal gland problems
- High blood pressure
- Obstructive sleep apnea
- Liver disease
- Typhoid fever
- Complication after near-drowning
- Electric shock or lightning strike
- Certain birth defects
- Diet pills or decongestants
- Antidepressant medications
- Thyroid medications
- Prescription stimulants (eg, Ritalin)
- Excessive caffeine intake
Barsky, AJ, Cleary, PD, Coeytaux, RR, Ruskin, JN. The clinical course of palpitations in medical outpatients. Arch Intern Med. 1995;155:1782.
Harrison's Principles of Internal Medicine . 14th ed. McGraw-Hill; 1998.
Lok NS, Lau CP. Prevalence of palpitations, cardiac arrhythmias and their associated risk factors in ambulant elderly. Int J Cardiol. 1996;54:231.
Mayo Clinic and Foundation for Medical Education and Research website. Available at: http://www.mayo.edu/ .
National Heart, Lung, and Blood Institute website. Available at: http://www.nhlbi.nih.gov/ .
Sarter BH, Finkle JK, Gerszten RE, et al. What is the risk of sudden cardiac death in patients presenting with hemodynamically stable sustained ventricular tachycardia after myocardial infarction? J Am Coll Cardiol. 1996;28:122.
- Reviewer: Michael J. Fucci, DO
- Review Date: 12/2013
- Update Date: 01/14/2014