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Reducing Your Risk of Arrhythmias (Heart Rhythm Disturbances)
How to Reduce Your Risk of Arrhythmias
- Stress management classes
- Relaxation techniques
- Regular exercise
How to Keep Your Heart Healthy
- Quit smoking—When you quit smoking, your risk of cardiovascular disease drops significantly within the first year. Short term benefits begin within hours of quitting.
- Eat a heart healthy diet—Eat a diet low in saturated fats and cholesterol. Increase your intake of whole grains, fruits, and vegetables. Ask your doctor about omega-3 supplements.
- Exercise regularly—Choose exercises you enjoy and will make a regular part of your day. Exercise reduces stress, improves your mood, and helps strengthen your heart muscle. Aim for at least 30 minutes per day on most days of the week.
- Drink alcohol in moderation—Moderate drinking is one drink per day for women and two drinks per day for men. One drink equals 12 ounces of beer, four ounces of wine, or one ounce of 100-proof spirits.
- Maintain a healthy weight—Portion control, combined with healthy food choices, will keep you on the right track. If you need help, check the ChooseMyPlate or American Academy of Nutrition and Dietetics websites.
- Manage other health conditions—If you have other health conditions, such as high cholesterol, hypertension, or diabetes, it is important to follow your treatment plan to reduce your risk of cardiovascular disease.
Cardiovascular disease prevention overview. EBSCO DynaMed website. Available at: http://www.ebscohost.com/dynamed. Updated February 28, 2014. Accessed March 25, 2014.
Cocaine, other drugs, and heart disease. American Heart Association website. Available at: http://www.heart.org/HEARTORG/Conditions/Cocaine-Marijuana-and-Other-Drugs%5FUCM%5F428537%5FArticle.jsp. Updated September 20, 2012. Accessed March 25, 2014.
D'Alessandro A, Boeckelmann I, et al. Nicotine, cigarette smoking and cardiac arrhythmia: An overview. Eur J Cardiovasc Prev Rehabil. [Epub 2011 May].
Eating right isn't complicated. Academy of Nutrition and Dietetics website. Available at: http://www.eatright.org/Public/content.aspx?id=6442473735. Updated March 2014. Accessed March 20, 2014.
Leaf A. Omega-3 fatty acids and prevention of arrhythmias. Curr Opin Lipidol. 2007;18(1):31-34.
Prevention strategies for atrial fibrillation. American Heart Association website. Available at: http://www.heart.org/HEARTORG/Conditions/Arrhythmia/AboutArrhythmia/Prevention-Strategies-for-Atrial-Fibrillation-AFib-or-AF%5FUCM%5F423784%5FArticle.jsp. Updated March 12, 2014. Accessed March 25, 2014.
Stress management. Help Guide website. Available at: http://www.helpguide.org/mental/stress%5Fmanagement%5Frelief%5Fcoping.htm. Updated February 2014. Accessed March 25, 2014.
12/9/2013 DynaMed's Systematic Literature Surveillance http://www.ebscohost.com/dynamed. Bao Y, Han J, et al. Association of nut consumption with total and cause-specific mortality. N Engl J Med. 2013;369(21):2001-2011.
- Reviewer: Michael J. Fucci, DO
- Review Date: 12/2013
- Update Date: 00/32/2014