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Diagnosis of HIV/AIDS
- Rapid testing through a saliva test. Results can be ready within a half hour.
- ELISA or Western blot tests—blood tests to determine if the immune system has recognized the HIV virus
- HIV RNA assay—to detect the HIV virus itself
- A type of white blood cell called helper T cells drop below 200 cells per cubic millimeter of blood.
- Helper T cells are less than 14% of all lymphocytes (a type of white blood cell).
- Certain illnesses are present, such as Kaposi sarcoma or a specific type of pneumonia. These illnesses only occur with compromised immune systems.
AIDS Diagnosis. University of California at San Francisco Medical Center website. Available at: http://www.ucsfhealth.org/conditions/aids/diagnosis.html. Accessed November 19, 2013.
A guide to primary care of people with HIV/AIDS. National Institute of Health and Human Services website. Available at: http://hab.hrsa.gov/deliverhivaidscare/files/primary2004ed.pdf. Accessed November 2013.
HIV Basics. Centers for Disease Control and Prevention website. Available at: http://www.cdc.gov/hiv/basics/index.html. Updated November 8, 2013. Accessed November 19, 2013.
Primary HIV infection. EBSCO DynaMed website. Available at: https://dynamed.ebscohost.com/about/about-us. Updated February 13, 2013. Accessed November 18, 2013.
Testing and diagnosis. HIV/AIDS. National Institute of Allergy and Infectious Disease website. Available at: http://www.niaid.nih.gov/topics/HIVAIDS/Understanding/Pages/diagnosis.aspx. Accessed November 19, 2013.
- Reviewer: David Horn, MD
- Review Date: 11/2013
- Update Date: 11/19/2013