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- Lack of sleep
- Illnesses with fever
- Certain medications such as antidepressants, tranquilizers, anticonvulsants, and antihistamines
- Medical illness such as migraine, asthma, arrhythmia, heartburn, and sleep apnea
- Having a psychiatric disorders such as panic attack or post-traumatic stress syndrome
- Family history of sleepwalking
- Being a child—most common in preschool to pre-adolescence
|Hyperthyroidism is an abnormal condition of the thyroid. It can affect many of the body's systems, including glands in the brain that can interfere with proper sleep.|
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- Sitting up in bed and repeating certain movements such as rubbing eyes or fumbling with clothes
- Talking in your sleep
- Difficulty arousing during a sleepwalking episode
- Doing inappropriate behavior during a sleepwalking episode such as urinating in closets
- Becoming violent when a person tries to wake you
- Not remembering the event
- Family history
- Underlying illness or stress
Strategies to Prevent Injury
- Remove dangerous objects from your room
- Keep doors and windows closed and locked
- Increase the amount of time scheduled for sleep.
- Avoid alcohol and certain medications that may trigger sleepwalking.
- Have a regular bedtime routine.
American Academy of Family Physicians http://www.familydoctor.org
National Sleep Foundation http://www.sleepfoundation.org
About Kids Health http://www.aboutkidshealth.ca
The Better Sleep Council Canada http://bettersleep.org
Guilleminault C, Kirisoglu C, et al. Adult chronic sleepwalking and its treatment based on polysomnography. Brain. 2005; 128:1062-1069.
Guilleminault C, Palombini L, et al. Sleepwalking and sleep terrors in prepubertal children: what triggers them?. Pediatrics. 2003;111:17-25.
Hafeez ZH, Kalinowski CM. Somnambulism induced by quetiapine: two case reports and a review of the literature. CNS Spectrums. 2007;12:910-912.
Pressman MR. Factors that predispose, prime and precipitate NREM parasomnias in adults: clinical and forensic implications. Sleep Med Rev. 2007:11:5-30
Sleepwalking. EBSCO DynaMed website. Available at: https://dynamed.ebscohost.com/about/about-us. Updated January 1, 2011. Accessed June 4, 2013.
Sleepwalking. American Academy of Family Physicians website. Available at: http://familydoctor.org/familydoctor/en/diseases-conditions/sleepwalking.html . Updated November 2010. Accessed June 4, 2013.
Sleepwalking. National Sleep Foundation website. Available at: http://familydoctor.org/familydoctor/en/diseases-conditions/sleepwalking.html Accessed June 4, 2013.
- Reviewer: Michael Woods, MD
- Review Date: 06/2013
- Update Date: 05/11/2013