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- Arthritis—osteoarthritis is the most common type associated with Bakers cysts
- Cartilage tears, such as a torn meniscus
- Injury or accidents
- Infection in joint
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- Rheumatoid arthritis
- Infectious arthritis
- Past knee injuries or cartilage tears
- History of corticosteroid injection around the knee
- Previous knee surgery
- Knee synovitis
- Rounded swelling behind the knee that may get bigger with activity
- Pain or pressure in the back of the knee joint—may travel to the calf muscle
- Aching or tenderness after exercise and bending the knee
- Medications to relieve pain and inflammation such as nonsteroidal anti-inflammatory drugs (NSAIDs)
- Physical therapy to help strengthen muscles around the knee
- Steroid injection
- Draining excess knee fluid
- Surgery—to remove large cysts or repair related knee injuries
National Library of Medicine http://www.nlm.nih.gov
University Sports Medicine http://www.ubsportsmed.buffalo.edu
Health Canada http://www.hc-sc.gc.ca
Healthy U http://www.healthyalberta.com
Calmbach WL. Evaluation of patients presenting with knee pain: part II: differential diagnosis. Am Fam Physician. 2003; 68:917-922. Available at: http://www.aafp.org/afp/2003/0901/p917.html.
DynaMed Editorial Team. Popliteal cyst. EBSCO DynaMed website. Available at: https://dynamed.ebscohost.com/about/about-us. Updated November 15, 2011. Accessed January 4, 2013.
Fritschy D, Fasel J, et al. The popliteal cyst. Knee Surg sports Traumatol Arthrosc . 2006;14:623-628.
Torreggiani WC, Al-Ismael K, et al. The imaging spectrum of Baker’s (popliteal) cysts. Clin Radiol . 2002; 57:681-691.
Ward EE, Jacobson JA, et al. Sonographic detection of baker’s cysts: comparison with MR imaging. AJR Am J Roentgenol . 2001: 176:373-380.
- Reviewer: Michael Woods, MD
- Review Date: 11/2012
- Update Date: 01/03/2013