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- Past history of aneurysms
- High blood pressure , which increases the risk of aneurysm rupture
- Heavy alcohol consumption
- Cocaine use
- Disorders associated with weakened blood vessels, including polycystic kidney disease , fibromuscular dysplasia, or connective tissue disorders
- Estrogen deficiency
- Family history of aneurysms
- A very sudden, severe headache
- Brief loss of consciousness
- Nausea and vomiting
- Weakness on one side of your body
- Unexplained numbness or tingling
- Slurred speech or other speech disturbance
- Visions problems, such as double vision, blind spots, or temporary vision loss on one side
- Stiff neck or shoulder pain
The Brain Aneurysm Foundation http://www.bafound.org
National Stroke Association http://www.stroke.org
Brain Injury Association of Alberta http://www.biaa.ca
Heart and Stroke Foundation of Canada http://www.heartandstroke.com
Awad I. The riddle of association, causation, and prevention of subarachnoid hemorrhage. J Neurol, Neurosurg, Psych . 2012;83(11):1035.
Broderick J, Connolly S, Feldmann E, et al. Guidelines for the management of spontaneous intracerebral hemorrhage in adults: 2007 update: a guideline from the American Heart Association/American Stroke Association Stroke Council, High Blood Pressure Research Council, and the Quality of Care and Outcomes in Research Interdisciplinary Working Group. Stroke . 2007b;38(6):2001-23.
Feigin V, Parag V, Lawes CM, et al. Smoking and elevated blood pressure are the most important risk factors for subarachnoid hemorrhage in the Asia-pacific region: an overview of 26 cohorts involving 306,620 participants. Stroke . 2005;36:1360.
Feigin VL, Rinkel GJ, Lawes CM, et al. Risk factors for subarachnoid hemorrhage: an updated systematic review of epidemiological studies. Stroke . 2005 Dec;36(12):2773-80.
Ingall T, Asplund K, Mahonen M, Bonita R. A multinational comparison of subarachnoid hemorrhage epidemiology in the WHO MONICA stroke study. Stroke . 2000; 31:1054.
Jabbour PM, Tjoumakaris SI, Rosenwasser RH. Endovascular management of intracranial aneurysms. Neurosurg Clin N Amer . 2009;20:383-398.
Mayberg MR, Batjer HH, Dacey R, et al. Guidelines for the management of aneurysmal subarachnoid hemorrhage. A statement for healthcare professionals from a special writing group of the Stroke Council, American Heart Association. Stroke . 2009;40:994.
Stroke rehabilitation. EBSCO DynaMed website. Available at: http://www.ebscohost.com/dynamed/what.php . Updated June 26, 2013. Accessed June 27, 2013.
Suarez JI, Tarr RW, et al. Aneurysmal subarachnoid hemorrhage. N Engl J Med . 2006;354(4):387-396.
Subarachnoid hemorrhage. EBSCO DynaMed website. Available at: http://www.ebscohost.com/dynamed/what.php . Updated January 22, 2013. Accessed February 25, 2013.
van Gijn J, Kerr RS, et al. Subarachnoid haemorrhage. Lancet . 2007;269(9558):306-318.
- Reviewer: Rimas Lukas, MD; Brian Randall, MD
- Review Date: 06/2013
- Update Date: 05/11/2013