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Physical Activity: Keep Your Mind in Shape as You Age
The Effects of Aging on the Brain
Research on Exercise and the Mind
Walk This Way
- Walk with confidence—show that you are aware and in control.
- Face traffic when you walk on the road.
- Wear proper clothing so you can be spotted by drivers, especially when it is dark.
- Carry your ID in case you need it during medical emergencies.
- To stay alert to your environment. Do not wear a portable musical listening device and be aware of the people around you.
- When possible, avoid walking alone. Walk with a friend or in well-traveled areas.
- Change your route on a random basis and walk at different times during the day.
Agency for Healthcare Research and Quality http://www.ahrq.gov
American Association of Retired People http://www.aarp.org
Canadian Association of Family Physicians http://www.cfpc.ca
Health Canada http://www.hc-sc.gc.ca/index%5Fe.html
Angevaren M, Aufdemkampe G, Verhaar HJ, Aleman A, Vanhees L. Physical activity and enhanced fitness to improve cognitive function in older people without known cognitive impairment. Cochrane Database Syst Rev. 2008;3:CD005381
Atkinson HH, Rosano C, Simonsick EM, et al. Cognitive function, gait speed decline, and comorbidities: the health, aging, and body composition study. J Gerontol A Biol Sci Med Sci. 2007;62(8):844-50.
Mild cognitive impairment. EBSCO DynaMed website. Available at: http://www.ebscohost.com/dynamed. Updated January 28, 2013. Accessed January 30, 2013.
Rosano C, Simonsick EM, Harris TB, et al. Association between physical and cognitive function in healthy elderly: the health, aging, and body composition study. Neuroepidemiology. 2005;24(1-2):8-14.
van Gelder BM, Tijhuis AR, Kalmijn S, Giampaoli S, Nissinen A, Kromhout D. Physical activity in relation to cognitive decline in elderly men—the FINE Study. Neurology. 2004;63:2316-2321.
Walking safety. Runners World website. Available at: http://www.runnersworld.com/beginners/walking-safety. Added May 2, 2002. Accessed January 30, 2013.
Weuve J, et al. Physical activity, including walking, and cognitive function in older women. JAMA. 2004;292:1454-1461.
- Reviewer: Brian Randall, MD
- Review Date: 01/2013
- Update Date: 01/20/2013