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Practical Prevention—Testicular Cancer Strikes Young
Common Risk Factors
- Undescended testicle (having a testicle that has not fully descended into the scrotum, even if surgery was done to remove it or bring it down)
- Family history of testicular cancer increases your risk by 4 to 9 times
- Young age (more than 50% of cases occur between the ages of 20-44 years)
- Race: White men have a higher risk
What to Look For
- A painless lump or swelling in either testicle
- A scrotum that feels heavy or swollen
- Enlargement or swelling of a testicle or change in the way it feels
- Growth of breast tissue
Finding It Earlier Is Better
Keeping Cancer in Check
American Cancer Society http://www.cancer.org/
National Cancer Institute http://www.nci.nih.gov/
Canadian Cancer Society http://cancer.ca/
Health Canada http://www.hc-sc.gc.ca/index-eng.php/
Do I Have Testicular Cancer? American Cancer Society website. Available at: http://www.cancer.org/acs/groups/cid/documents/webcontent/003172-pdf.pdf. Updated June 5, 2012. Accessed November 28, 2012.
Seminoma. EBSCO DynaMed website. Available at: http://www.ebscohost.com/dynamed/what.php . Updated May 31, 2012. Accessed November 28, 2012.
Testicular cancer. EBSCO Health Library website. Available at: http://www.ebscohost.com/healthLibrary/ . Updated September 26, 2012. Accessed November 28, 2012.
Testicular Cancer. National Cancer Institute at the National Institutes of Health website. Available at: http://www.cancer.gov/cancertopics/types/testicular. Accessed November 28, 2012.
Vadaparampil S, Moser R, et al., Factors Associated with Testicular Self-Examination Among Unaffected Young Men from Multiple-Case Testicular Cancer Families. Hered Cancer Clin Pract. 2009;7(1):11.
- Reviewer: Brian Randall, MD
- Review Date: 11/2012
- Update Date: 11/28/2012