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Stuttering Can Be Stopped
Defining and Diagnosing Stuttering
- Repetition of sounds, words, or phrases
- Pauses between works with lack of sound
- Speech that sounds like "blurting"
- Speech may be better or worse depending if speaker is in private or in public
- Rate of speech
- Language skills
- Patient reaction to disfluency (like teasing)
Risk Factor for Stuttering
- Genetics— immediate or extended family member who stutter.
- Temperament—activity level, ability to adjust to different situations, intensity of reaction to disappointment and failure
- Sensory—evidence shows that how we hear things may be affect our speech patterns
- Motor skills—mistiming or problems with balance or posture
- Fluency shaping to improve fluency of speech.
- Stuttering modification to improve communication skills, like eye contact and phrasing.
- Reduce fears and avoidance by decreasing stressful moments.
National Stuttering Association http://www.nsastutter.org/
Stuttering Foundation of America http://www.stuttersfa.org/
Canadian Association of Speech-Language Pathologists and Audiologists http://www.caslpa.ca/
Canadian Stuttering Association http://www.stutter.ca/
Bothe AK, Davidow JH, Bramlett RE, Ingham RJ. Stuttering treatment research 1970-2005: Systematic review incorporating trial quality assessment of behavioral, cognitive, and related approaches. Am J Speech Lang Pathol. 2006;15(4):321-341.
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Howell P, Davis S, Williams R: Late childhood stuttering. J Speech Lang Hear Res. 2008;51:669-87.
Jones M, Onslow M, et al. Randomized Controlled Trial of the Lidcombe Program of Early Stuttering Intervention. British Journal of Medicine . 2005;331(7518):659.
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Sommer M, Koch MA, Paulus W, Weiller C, Buchel C. Disconnection of speech-relevant brain areas in persistent developmental stuttering. Lancet 2002; 9330:380-383.
Stager SV, Calis K, Grothe D, Bloch M, Berensen NM, Smith PJ, Braun A. Treatment with medications affecting dopaminergic and serotonergic mechanisms: effects on fluency and anxiety in persons who stutter. J Fluency Disord. 2005;30(4):319-335.
Stuttering. American Speech-Language-Hearing Association website. Available at: http://www.asha.org/public/speech/disorders/stuttering.htm. Accessed November 19, 2012.
Stuttering. EBSCO Health Library website. Available at: http://www.ebscohost.com/healthlibrary/. Updated September 2012. Accessed November 19, 2012.
Stuttering Information. National Stuttering Association website. Available at: http://www.nsastutter.org/stutteringInformation/generalInformation.html. Accessed November 19, 2012.
The Experience of People who Stutter. National Stuttering Association website. Available at: http://www.westutter.org/opencms/export/sites/default/nsa/stutteringInformation/pdfs/NSAsurveyMay09.pdf. Updated July 2009. Accessed November 19, 2012.
Yairi E: Subtyping stuttering I: a review. J Fluency Disord. 2007;32:165-96.
- Reviewer: Brian P. Randall, MD
- Review Date: 11/2012
- Update Date: 11/19/2012