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- Tibia (shin bone)—The main bone of the lower leg that runs along the inside of the leg
- Fibula—The smaller bone of the lower leg that runs along the outside of the leg
- Talus—The bone that provides the connection between the leg and the foot, and is less often fractured than the others
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- Immediate pain—can be severe, but sometimes with fibula injuries, is surprisingly minor
- Bruising around the injured area
- Tenderness when touching the injured bone in the ankle area
- Inability to put weight on the injured foot without pain, although some people are able to walk with minor fractures
- Putting the pieces of the bone back into position, which may require anesthesia and/or surgery
- Holding the pieces together while the bone heals itself
- A cast—may be used with or without surgery
- A metal plate with screws—requires surgery
- Screws alone—requires surgery
- A rod down the middle of the bone—requires surgery
- Do not put yourself at risk for trauma to the ankle.
- Do weight-bearing exercises to build strong bones.
- Build strong muscles to prevent falls and to stay active and agile.
American Academy of Orthopaedic Surgeons http://orthoinfo.aaos.org
American Orthopaedic Foot & Ankle Society http://www.aofas.org
British Columbia Podiatric Medical Association http://www.foothealth.ca
Canadian Orthopaedic Foundation http://www.canorth.org
Ankle fracture. American Orthopaedic Foot & Ankle Society website. Available at: http://www.aofas.org/footcaremd/conditions/ailments-of-the-ankle/Pages/Ankle-Fracture.aspx . Accessed August 20, 2014.
Ankle fractures (broken ankle). American Academy of Orthopaedic Surgeons website. Available at: http://orthoinfo.aaos.org/topic.cfm?topic=A00391. Updated March 2013. Accessed August 20, 2014.
Chaudhry S, Egol KA. Ankle injuries and fractures in the obese patient. Orthop Clin North Am. 2011;42(1):45-53.
Scott AM. Diagnosis and treatment of ankle fractures. Radiol Technol. 2010;81(5):457-475.
9/10/2014 DynaMed's Systematic Literature Surveillance http://www.ebscohost.com/dynamed: Mosher TJ, Kransdorf MJ, et al. ACR Appropriateness Criteria acute trauma to the ankle online publication]. Reston (VA): American College of Radiology (ACR);2014. 10 p. Available at: http://www.guideline.gov/content.aspx?id=48284#Section420. Accessed September 10, 2014.
- Reviewer: Michael Woods, MD
- Review Date: 08/2014
- Update Date: 09/10/2014