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- A history of athlete's foot infection
- Walking barefoot in locker rooms or public places
- Not keeping your feet clean and dry
- Wearing air-tight or poorly ventilated shoes or boots
- Sweaty feet
- Hot, humid weather
- Disorders of the immune system
- Dry skin
- Itching, which gets worse as the infection spreads
- A white, wet surface
- Blisters , which may open and become painful
- Gently wash your feet often (at least daily) with soap and water. Completely dry all areas, including between the toes.
- Put a dusting of antifungal foot powder on your feet or in your shoes to absorb moisture.
- Change your shoes and socks frequently.
- Do not swim or use public locker rooms when you have an infection. This will help prevent spreading the infection to other people.
- Gently wash your feet every day using soap and water.
- Dry carefully between the toes.
- Wear shoes that are comfortable and allow your feet to breathe.
- Wear sandals in the summer.
- Change shoes often.
- Wear cotton socks that pull moisture away from your skin.
- Change socks when they become damp.
- Apply an antifungal foot powder to your feet or shoes.
- Take off your shoes and socks and walk barefoot at home when possible.
- Do not walk barefoot in damp places.
- Wear shower shoes or sandals in public locker rooms.
- Do not borrow other people's shoes.
American Academy of Dermatology http://www.aad.org/
American Podiatric Medical Association http://www.apma.org/
Canadian Podiatric Medical Association http://www.podiatrycanada.org/
The College of Family Physicians of Canada http://www.cfpc.ca/
Athletes' foot. American Podiatric Medical Association website. Available at: http://www.apma.org/files/ProductPDFs/Athlete%E2%80%99s%5FFoot.pdf . Published 2003. Accessed November 9, 2012.
Mandell GL, Douglas RG, Bennett JE, Dolin R. Mandell, Douglas, and Bennett's Principles and Practice of Infectious Diseases . 5th ed. Philadelphia PA: Churchill Livingstone, Inc; 2000.
Pickering LK. AAP 2000 Red Book: Report of the Committee on Infectious Diseases . 25th ed. Elk Grove Village, IL: American Academy of Pediatrics; 2000.
Pleacher MD, Dexter WW. Cutaneous fungal and viral infections in athletes. Clinics in Sports Medicine . 2007;26(3).
Tanaka K, Katoh T, Irimajiri J, Taniguchi H, Yokozeki H. Preventive effects of various types of footwear and cleaning methods on dermatophyte adhesion. Journal of Dermatology . 2006;33(8):528-536.
Tinea infections: athlete's foot, jock itch and ringworm. Am Fam Physician . 1998 Jul 1;58(1):177-178. Available at: http://www.aafp.org/afp/980700ap/980700b.html . Accessed November 9, 2012.
Woodfolk JA. Allergy and dermatophytes Clin Microbiol Rev . 2005;18:30-43.
- Reviewer: David L Horn, MD, FACP
- Review Date: 12/2013
- Update Date: 01/13/2014