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|Bursitis in the Shoulder|
|Copyright © Nucleus Medical Media, Inc.|
- A blow to an area containing a bursa
- Repetitive stress on the bursa
- Infection in bursa
- Long periods of pressure on joint—leaning on elbows, sitting or kneeling on hard surfaces
- Medical conditions that cause inflammation in joints such as rheumatoid arthritis or gout
- Repetitive motion activities when done to an extreme, such as swimming, running, or tennis
A job that requires:
- Repetitive motions such as hammering or painting
- Long hours in one position such as a carpenter kneeling
- Contact sports
- Sporting gear that is too tight
- A puncture or deep cut that involves bursa
- Pain in the area
- Reddened skin
- Warmth around the area of the bursa
- Decreased motion of the nearby joint
- Decreased function of the nearby limb
- Applying ice to the area in the first few days
- Anti-inflammatory medications such as ibuprofen or naproxen
- Crutches or a cane if knee or hip bursitis needs support
- Physical therapy—sessions may include exercises and heat therapy
- Surgery—only if all other treatments are not effective
- Do not overdo sports and other activities.
- When doing a new activity, gradually increase the intensity and duration of activity.
- Make sure you perform activities correctly.
- Wear properly fitting, protective pads if you play contact sports.
- Use proper safety equipment at work.
- Work with an ergonomic specialist to improve work related activities.
American Academy of Orthopaedic Surgeons http://orthoinfo.aaos.org
American Orthopaedic Society for Sports Medicine http://www.sportsmed.org
Canadian Orthopaedic Association http://www.coa-aco.org
Canadian Orthopaedic Foundation http://www.canorth.org
Bursitis. Ohio State University Wexner Medical Center website. Available at: http://medicalcenter.osu.edu/patientcare/healthcare%5Fservices/spine%5Fshoulder%5Fpelvic%5Fdisorders/common%5Fdisorders%5Fspine%5Fsholder%5Fpelvis/bursitis/Pages/index.aspx. Accessed December 15, 2013.
Elbow (olecranon) bursitis. American Academy of Orthopaedic Surgeons website. Available at: http://orthoinfo.aaos.org/topic.cfm?topic=A00028. Updated January 2011. Accessed December 15, 2013.
Hip bursitis. American Academy of Orthopaedic Surgeons website. Available at: http://orthoinfo.aaos.org/topic.cfm?topic=a00409. Updated August 2007. Accessed December 15, 2013.
Prepatellar bursitis. EBSCO DynaMed website. Available at: https://dynamed.ebscohost.com/about/about-us. Updated September 5, 2012. Accessed December 15, 2013.
Questions and answers about bursitis and tendonitis. National Institute of Arthritis and Musculoskeletal and Skin Diseases website. Available at: http://www.niams.nih.gov/Health%5FInfo/Bursitis/. Updated June 2013. Accessed December 15, 2013.
Tendonitis/bursitis. American College of Rheumatology. Available at: http://www.rheumatology.org/Practice/Clinical/Patients/Diseases%5FAnd%5FConditions/Tendinitis%5Fand%5FBursitis/. Updated February 2013. Accessed December 15, 2013.
- Reviewer: Peter Lucas, MD
- Review Date: 12/2013
- Update Date: 01/13/2014