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(Adductor Strain; Groin Pull; Pulled Groin; Pulled Groin Muscle; Strain, Adductor; Strain, Groin)
|Muscles of the Groin|
|Copyright © Nucleus Medical Media, Inc.|
- Stretching the adductor muscles beyond the amount of tension they can withstand
- Suddenly putting stress on the adductor muscles when they are not ready for stress
- Overusing the adductor muscles over time
- Getting a direct blow to the adductor muscles
- Participation in sports that require bursts of speed. This includes track sports like running, hurdles, or long jump. Other sports include basketball, soccer, football, or rugby.
- Previous strain or injury to the area.
- Muscle fatigue or weakness.
- Tight groin muscles.
- Poor conditioning.
- Imbalance of musculature
- Abnornality of bone structure
- Pain and tenderness in the groin area
- Stiffness in the groin area
- Weakness of the adductor muscles
- Bruising in the groin area if blood vessels are broken
- Popping or snapping sensation as the muscle tears
- Grade 1—Some stretching with micro-tearing of muscle fibers.
- Grade 2—Partial tearing of muscle fibers.
- Grade 3—Complete tearing of muscle fibers. This may also be called a rupture or avulsion.
- Do not do activities that cause pain. This includes running, jumping, and weight lifting using the leg muscles.
- If normal walking hurts, shorten your stride.
- Do not play sports until your doctor has said it is safe to do so.
- Over-the-counter medication, such as aspirin , ibuprofen , or acetaminophen
- Topical pain medication—creams or patches that are applied to the skin
- Prescription pain relievers
- Keep your adductor muscles strong to absorb the energy of sudden physical stress
- Learn the proper technique for exercises and sports
- Warm up your muscles slowly and stretch them properly
American Academy of Family Physicians Family Doctor http://www.aafp.org
American Council on Exercise http://www.acefitness.org
Health Canada http://www.hc-sc.gc.ca/index-eng.php
Canadian Physiotherapy Association http://www.physiotherapy.ca
Muscle strains in the thigh. American Academy of Orthopaedic Surgeons Ortho Info website. Available at: http://orthoinfo.aaos.org/topic.cfm?topic=A00366 . Update August 2007. Accessed April 25, 2013.
Sports-related groin pain. EBSCO DynaMed website. Available at: http://www.ebscohost.com/dynamed/what.php . Updated January 20, 2010. Accessed April 25, 2013.
O'Kane JW. Anterior hip pain. Am Fam Physician . 1999;60:1687-1696.
1/4/2011 DynaMed's Systematic Literature Surveillance https://dynamed.ebscohost.com/about/about-us : Massey T, Derry S, Moore R, McQuay H. Topical NSAIDs for acute pain in adults. Cochrane Database Syst Rev . 2010;(6):CD007402.
- Reviewer: Michael Woods, MD
- Review Date: 02/2014
- Update Date: 03/18/2013