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Urinary Tract Infection
(UTI; Lower UTI)
- Urethritis —an infection in the urethra
- Cystitis —bladder infection
- Pyelonephritis —kidney infection
|The Urinary Tract|
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- Sex: female—the rectum and urethra are close to each other in women, making infection more likely
- Being sexually active
- Using a diaphragm for birth control
- Kidney stones
- Enlarged prostate
- Weak immune system
- Abnormalities of the urinary system, such as vesicoureteral reflux or polycystic kidneys
- Paraplegia or quadriplegia
- Sickle-cell anemia
- History of kidney transplant
- Bladder catheter in place, or recent device inserted into the urinary system
- Frequent and urgent need to urinate
- Passing small amounts of urine
- Pain in the abdomen or pelvic area
- Burning sensation during urination
- Cloudy, bad-smelling urine
- Increased need to get up at night to urinate
- Leaking urine
- Fever and chills
- Nausea and poor appetite
- Bloody urine
- Low back pain or pain along the side of the ribs
- High fever and chills
- Drink plenty of fluids throughout the day. Cranberry juice is a good choice.
- Urinate when you feel the need and do not resist the urge.
- Empty your bladder completely and drink a full glass of water after having sex.
- Wash genitals daily.
- If you are a woman, always wipe from the front to the back after having a bowel movement.
- Avoid using douches and feminine hygiene sprays.
Urology Care Foundation http://www.urologyhealth.org
National Kidney and Urologic Diseases Information Clearinghouse http://kidney.niddk.nih.gov
Canadian Urological Association http://www.cua.org
Women's Health Matters http://www.womenshealthmatters.ca
Acute cystitis in adults. EBSCO DynaMed website. Available at: https://dynamed.ebscohost.com/about/about-us . Updated June 4, 2013. Accessed August 22, 2013.
Car J. Urinary tract infections in women: diagnosis and management in primary care. BMJ. 2006;14;332.
Jepson RG, Craig JC. Cranberries for preventing urinary tract infections. Cochrane Database Syst Rev. 2008 Jan 23;(1):CD001321.
Sheffield JS, Cunningham FG. Urinary tract infection in women. Obstet Gynecol. 2005;106:1085-1092.
Urinary tract infections in adults. American Urological Association Foundation website. Available at: http://www.urologyhealth.org/urology/index.cfm?article=47 . Updated March 2013. Accessed August 22, 2013.
Urinary tract infections in adults. National Institute of Diabetes and Digestive and Kidney Diseases website. Available at: http://kidney.niddk.nih.gov/kudiseases/pubs/utiadult . Updated May 24, 2012. Accessed August 22, 2013.
12/5/2007 DynaMed's Systematic Literature Surveillance https://dynamed.ebscohost.com/about/about-us : Pohl A. Modes of administration of antibiotics for symptomatic severe urinary tract infections [review]. Cochrane Database of Systematic Reviews . 2007(4). DOI: 10.1002/14651858.CD003237.
5/6/2011 DynaMed's Systematic Literature Surveillance https://dynamed.ebscohost.com/about/about-us : Barbosa-Cesnik C, Brown MB, Buxton M, Zhang L, DeBusscher J, Foxman B. Cranberry juice fails to prevent recurrent urinary tract infection: results from a randomized placebo-controlled trial. Clin Infect Dis . 2011;52(1):23-30.
- Reviewer: Adrienne Carmack, MD
- Review Date: 09/2013
- Update Date: 09/30/2013